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Ye Countie of Albemarle in Carolina


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APPENDIX

No. 2

SEVENTEENTH CENTURY CAROLINA CHRONOLOGY

1602   Samuel Mace employed by Sir Walter Raleigh to search for 1587 colonists.

1606   Charter from James I to the Virginia Company of London included territory granted later to Lords            Proprietors of Carolina.

[1607   First permanent English colony in America established at Jamestown, Virginia.]

1608   John Smith attempted to send two men to the Chowan region in search of the 1587 colonists.

[1618   Sir Walter Raleigh beheaded.]

1622   John Pory, secretary of the Virginia colony, explored the Chowan region.

1624   Virginia became a royal colony, and the territory later to be Carolina was subject to the crown’s disposal.

[1625   Death of James I. Charles I ascended the throne.]

1629   Grant of Carolana to Sir Robert Heath who, however, failed to establish a colony.

1638   County of Norfolk, Virginia, formed to include territory as far south as 35º north latitude (approximately            to modern Ocracoke Inlet).

[1642-1649   Civil War in England.]

1643   Virginia assembly authorized discovery of “a new river or unknowne land bearing west southerly from            Appomattake river.”

1646   Expedition from Virginia against Indians along the Chowan River led by Major General Richard Bennett            (by land) and Colonel Thomas Dew (by water).

ca. 1648   Henry Plumpton of Nansemond County Virginia, Thomas Tuke, and several others bought land along the            Morratuck [Roanoke] River from the Indians, but there is no evidence that they settled there.

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[1649   Charles I beheaded.]

[1649-1660   Commonwealth in England.]

1650   Edward Bland and others explored “New Brittaine.” A pamphlet published in London the following year told of            the voyage to the Chowan, Meherrin, and Roanoke river area.

1653   Virginia assembly granted land along the Roanoke and Chowan rivers to the Rev. Roger Green.

ca. 1653-1660   Virginians began to take up land in the Roanoke [Albemarle] Sound region.

1654   Francis Yeardley’s company of six visited Currituck Sound-Roanoke Island area, the first white men            known to have seen the “Cittie of Raleigh” since John White’s departure.

1656   Captain Thomas Francis and Colonel Thomas Dew commissioned by the Virginia assembly to make           discoveries between Cape Hatteras and Cape Fear.

1657   Nathaniel Batts, first known permanent white settler in the Albemarle region, had a house on the Chowan River            by this time.

           Nicholas Comberford prepared a map of the “south part of Virginia.”

[1660   Charles II restored to the throne.]

1662   Samuel Stephens appointed “commander of the southern plantation” by the council in Virginia.

1663   Charles II granted Carolina (first official use of the name) to eight Lords Proprietors.

           William Hilton and others explored the Cape Fear region.

           A small colony of New Englanders settled along the Cape Fear River, perhaps as an advance party for            others expected later. They remained only a short time.

1664-1667   William Drummond first governor appointed for Albemarle County.

1664   Three counties to be established in Carolina: Albemarle, [83] Clarendon (on the Cape Fear River), and            Craven (later South Carolina).

1665   A colony from Barbados under Sir John Yeamans settled Charles Town, Clarendon (now Brunswick)            County. Abandoned, 1667.

           “Concessions and Agreements” signed by Lords Proprietors to establish government in the colony.

           Charles II granted a second charter for Carolina to the eight Lords Proprietors extending the boundaries of            the territory.

           First Albemarle assembly met.

           Oldest will on record in the colony (that of Mrs. Mary Fortsen, dated January, 1664), proved November            15, 1665. It is now in the Department of Archives and History, Raleigh.

1666   A Brief Description of the Province of Carolina printed for Robert Horne to encourage settlement.

           Carolina represented at a council held at St. Mary’s, Maryland, concerning the growing of tobacco in            Maryland, Virginia, and Carolina.

1667   Charles Town in Clarendon County abandoned. The population had reached about 800 persons.

1667-1670   Samuel Stephens governor of Albemarle County.

1668   Lords Proprietors agreed that settlers in Albemarle County might hold land under the same terms and            conditions as those in Virginia. (See document no. 8.)

[1668?]   Chowan, Currituck, Pasquotank, and Perquimans precincts formed in Albemarle County.

1669   Fundamental Constitutions of Carolina approved by the Lords Proprietors.

1670   Short-lived settlement at Port Royal (near present-day Beaufort, S. C.) under Sir John Yeamans; removed to            Ashley River.

1670-1672   Peter Carteret governor of Albemarle County.

ca. 1672   Richard Blome’s “A Generall Mapp of Carolina” made for the Lords Proprietors.

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1672   Quakers William Edmundson and George Fox preached in the Albemarle region.

1672-1676   John Jenkins acting governor of Albemarle County.

1676-1677   Thomas Eastchurch appointed governor of Albemarle County by the Lords Proprietors, but he died before             taking office.

1677   Thomas Miller deputy governor of Albemarle County under Thomas Eastchurch. He was deposed by the rebels            under John Culpeper.

           Culpeper’s Rebellion—revolt against acting governor Miller headed by John Culpeper and George Durant.

1677-1678   John Culpeper governor of Albemarle County; elected by the rebels.

1678   Seth Sothel appointed governor of Albemarle County by the Lords Proprietors. He was on his way to            Carolina when he was captured by pirates and held until 1682.

1679   John Harvey deputy governor of Albemarle County acting in the absence of Sothel.

           Robert Holden commissioned by the Lords Proprietors to explore the province “either on this side or            beyonde the Apaletean Mountaines.”

1679-1681   John Jenkins president of the council and acting governor of Albemarle County.

1680   Ashley River settlement (begun 1670) moved from south to north side of the river and named Charles            Town.

1681   Captain Henry Wilkinson appointed governor of Albemarle County, but personal difficulties in England            prevented his sailing.

1682   Samuel Wilson, secretary to the Lords Proprietors, published An Account of the Province of Carolina in            America.

1682-1689   Seth Sothel governor of Albemarle County.

[85]

[1685   Death of Charles II. James II ascended the throne.]

[1688   James II deposed.]

[1689   William and Mary ascended the throne.]

           Albemarle County as a unit of government ceased to exist. Government of Carolina “North and East of            Cape feare” established.

1689-1694   Philip Ludwell governor of “that part of Carolina that lyes North and East of Cape feare” from 1689 to            1691. From 1691 to 1694 he was governor of all Carolina with headquarters at Charles Town. A deputy            governed the northern part of the colony.

1690   A colony of French from Virginia settled on the Pamlico River.

1691   The Lords Proprietors appointed a governor of Carolina, uniting all the settlements under one head. A            deputy governor became head of the government in the Albemarle region, thus beginning the division of the            province into North and South Carolina, though not so called at this time.

1691-1694   Thomas Jarvis deputy governor for the region north and east of the Cape Fear.

1694-1696   John Archdale governor of all Carolina with headquarters at Charles Town. A deputy governed the northern            part of the colony.

1694-1699   Thomas Harvey deputy governor of the region north and east of the Cape Fear.

1696   Bath County formed.

1699   The Rev. Thomas Bray shipped books from England to Bath for the first public library in the colony.

1699-1704   Henderson Walker president of the council and acting deputy governor for the region north and east of            the Cape Fear.



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