North Carolina Office of Archives & History Department of Cultural Resources
Historical Publications Section The Colonial Records Project
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Historical Publications Section
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Last Updated 9/21/10



Government


1736          1765

1753          1769

1754          1770

1757          1772

1764          1781


1736

December 24-31, 1736
Williamsburg Gazette

Edenton, North-Carolina, Dec. 14, 1736.

Mr. Parks,

I AM one of your Subscribers for the Gazette; and as I found in one of them, our Governor’s Speech at the Opening the last Session, I expected (as I might reasonably) to see in the next, the Address of the Upper and Lower Houses, in Answer to it. But to my great Surprize, some Months have pass’d, and neither of them have been yet published.

I was much astonished, when I heard it objected, “That His Excellency look’d upon it as no Address to him, because he had not receiv’d it; and for that Reason, might not so well relish it’s Publication.” How far this may weigh with you, to disappoint the Expectations of your Readers, I can’t say; but I am sure, that to the Judicious, it must appear an undeniable Reason for its being made Public; otherwise, the Ill-natur’d will have but too great a Latitude of forming strange Ideas of so uncommon an Incident, to the Prejudice of either our Governor or our Representatives; whose Conduct it more particularly concerns the People of this Province to enquire into; and at whose Request, I transmit you the inclosed Address, which I desire you’ll give a Place to in your Gazette. I heartily wish your Printing of it, may occasion the Publication of the Address of the Honourable the Upper House, to the Governor, which His Excellency was pleased to distinguish with is Acceptance.

I am, Sir, etc.,

To His Excellency Gabriel Johnston, Esq; Governor and Commander in Chief of NORTH CAROLINA.

The Humble ADDRESS of the House of Burgesses now assembled at Edenton.

The Assurances Your Excellency is pleas’d to give us in Your Speech to both Houses, of Your earnest Desires to promote and establish the true Interest of this Province, gives the greatest Satisfaction and Joy to this House; and from thence we imagine, that You have no Intention of making Demands for Your own Advantage; and that no such mean and unworthy Views could induce Your Excellency to call us together.

So pleasing, Sir, are the Hopes and Prospects we have from Your Excellency, that the Public Disorders of this Province will be regulated, its Grievances redress’d, its Abuses reformed, and all its Defects supplied: Our Money usefully emploied, and Order, Peace, and Quiet, (great Strangers to this Colony) established amongst us, upon the securest Foundation; that we cannot but return our most sincere and hearty Thanks to Your Excellency for Your Speech to both Houses, and for those Invitations therein You have kindly given us, to act for the true and substantial Good of our Country. And we beg Leave to assure Your Excellency, that no Fault, either to the Disadvantage or Discredit of this Province, shall lye at our Doors; and that we are met together, with the most sincere Resolutions and Intentions of providing such necessary and wholesome Laws, as may answer the Ends proposed to us by Your Excellency, and enable You to put the good Designs You are pleas’d to express in Your Speech, in Execution.

And should we, Sir, be remiss on our Parts, how justly should we be condemned for not discharging that Duty (so incumbent upon us) to Those we represent. The several Matters recommended to us by Your Excellency, so self evidently speak the Good they will be to the Country, that we heartily rejoice at Your proposing them; which we have often thought of, and long desired should have been done. And we therefore flatter ourselves, that what other Laws necessary for the Good of this Province, and to redress those Grievances we have so long labour’d under, (tho’ not expressly recommended by Your Excellency,) will when presented to You (if not contrary to the Royal Instructions) meet with Your ready Assent and Approbation.

But we cannot omit particularly mentioning the Officers Fees, which by a Law of this Province were ascertained; and yet that Law hath been disregarded, and larger and other Fees taken by many Officers than were allowed thereby. And we shall endeavour to search the Bottom of that Evil, and detect the guilty Persons, as You have recommended to us.

We are sorry to find no Mention made of our Quit-Rents in Your Excellency’s Speech; so great is the Hardship we labour under in that Respect, that the People of this Province are not able to comply with the Terms and Methods of Paiment, and which we conceive are contrary to our Laws; for notwithstanding the Paper Money now Current, by a Law pass’d since Your Excellency’s Arrival, is declared to be equal to Sterling, as Five to One; and altho’ it does not appear to us, by any Law, that the Quit-Rents are paiable, other than in Goods, at Prices rated by Law, or Paper Bills: Yet the Collectors and Receivers of Rents, have presumed to take of the Inhabitants, by Way of Distress, Eight Pounds in Paper Bills for One due in Rents, besides extravagant Demands for Charges, from such as did not carry their Rents to certain Places at Times appointed; and Seven for One from those who came to those Places appointed: We therefore hope Your Excellency will concur to redress this Grievance.

Permit us, Sir, to assure Your Excellency, that the real Good and Welfare of this Province is what we have most at Heart, and what we will steadily pursue; and shall look upon those (if any such there are) as Enemies to the Public Peace, Tranquility, and Weal of this Province, that shall use any Art or Contrivance to divert or retard our good Designs.

And we shall always gratefully acknowledge Your Excellency’s Intentions to encourage the Good of this Province.

By Order of the House,

(Copy)

William Downing, Speaker.

 

**No Lower House journals exist for the session of the General Assembly referred to in the letter, September 21 to October 12, 1736.


1753

January 16, 1753
The Pennsylvania Gazette

WILLIAMSBURGH, October 27.

[ . . . ]

November 10. We are credibly informed by private Letters from London, that the Earl of Granville uses his utmost Interest to have the Northern Part of North Carolina added to Virginia.


August 2, 1753
The Pennsylvania Gazette

July 7. We hear from Eden House, the Seat of our late Governor, That a few Days since the said House was, by some Accident, entirely consumed by Fire.


 1754

August 22, 1754
The Pennsylvania Gazette

NEW YORK, August 19.

Last Wednesday Night Captain Wardell arrived here in 7 Days from Newbern, in North Carolina, and informs us, That the Captains Gelston, Adams, Betts, Williams and Griffiths, from this Place, were all arrived there; as was also Captain Crispin, in a Snow, in 11 Weeks from London, by whom they had Advice, that the Honourable Arthur Dobbs, Esq; appointed Governor of that province, was soon to embark for his Government, where his Secretary, and several other of his Attendants, were already arrived.


November 7, 1754
The Pennsylvania Gazette

WILLIAMSBURG, October 18.

[ . . . ]

Yesterday his Excellency Arthur Dobbs, Esq: set out from this City for his Government of North Carolina.


1757

January 4, 1757
Edinburgh Evening Courant

From the North Carolina Gazette.

Newhern, Oct. 8. On Saturday died here Charles Elliot Esq; Son to Sir Gilbert Elliot of Stobbs, Attorney General of this Province.


1764

November 22, 1764
The Pennsylvania Gazette

Nov. 12 On Friday, the 12th ult. arrived at Cape Fear from London, the Hon. Col. Tryan, lately appointed Lieutenant Governor of North Carolina.


1765

May 9, 1765
The Pennsylvania Gazette

WILMINGTON (in North-Carolina) March 20.

[ . . . ]

April 3. On Thursday, the 28th of March, died, at his Seat near Brunswick, His Excellency ARTHUR DOBBS, Esq; Captain-General and Governor in Chief in and over this Province.

His Excellency’s Remains were interred on Friday Evening, in the new Church of Brunswick, with all the Respect and Decorum which the Situation and Circumstances of the Place would permit: Many of his real Friends accompanied him to the Grave, with sorrowful Hearts. Minute Guns were fired from Fort Johnston, from his Majesty’s Ships lying in the River, and from a temporary Battery at Wilmington; and every other Military Honour paid to the Memory of that great and good Man.

April 10. On Wednesday last there was a Meeting of his Majesty’s Council; when the Honourable Colonel WILLIAM TRYON was sworn into the Office of Lieutenant Governor of this Province: His Honour, after taking the necessary Oaths, was attended by the Gentlemen of the Council, and the rest of the Gentlemen of the Place, from the Council-Chamber to the Town-Hall, where his Honour’s Commission was read, in the Presence of a numerous Audience, who all expressed the greatest Satisfaction on the Occasion.


June 10, 1765
Caledonian Mercury (Edinburgh)

Yesterday advice was received, by a ship arrived at Liverpool, that on the 26th of March last, died at Cape Fare, Governor Dobbs, of North-Carolina.

Dudly Cosby, Esq; is now talk’d of to succeed the late Arthur Dobs, Esq; in the government of North Carolina.


1769

June 8, 1769
Virginia Gazette (Purdie & Dixon)

[Williamsburg]. His Excellency Governour Tryon, with his Lady, are expected here daily, on a visit to our Governour.


June 15, 1769
Virginia Gazette (Purdie & Dixon)

WILLIAMSBURG, June 15.

ON Saturday last his Excellency WILLIAM TRYON, Esqr.; Governour of North Carolina, with his Lady, arrived here from his government; and, we hear, intend spending some [weeks at] the Palace. —Joseph Hewes and Edmund Fanning, Esqr. of that province, and Mr. Edwards, his Excellency’s Secretary, came to town at the same time.


1770

March 22, 1770
Virginia Gazette (Purdie & Dixon)

NEWBERN, Feb. 9.

BY advice from Cape Fear there is a certain account of the arrival of Sir William Draper at Charlestown.

Mr. Mills, the Inspector General of the American customs, is also arrived at Cape Fear, on his way through the several provinces.

The writs of election arrived here a few days ago from Cape Fear, and the messenger is gone on to the northward with them. The election is to be on the 10th of March, and it is said the Assembly meets the 1st of May.


1772

January 30, 1772
Virginia Gazette (Purdie & Dixon)

Edward Manwaring, Esquire, who has been a strenuous Supporter of Administration in America, is, we hear, to be appointed a Member of the Board of Commissioners there, in the Room of John Robinson, Esquire, who, it is said, is to be appointed to the Chief Justiceship of North Carolina, vacant by the Removal of Mr. Howard to the Chief Justiceship of New York.


December 17, 1772
South Carolina Gazette

The Representatives of Anson County in North-Carolina having requested Instructions from their Electors, and attended at Anson Court-House on the 29th of August last, to receive them; the Freeholders of that County accordingly met there on that Day; chose Charles Medlock, Esq; for their Chairman; and, after discussing the Right to instruct Representatives, recommended several Matters to them, in ten distinct Articles, amongst which were the following:

I. Unanimity between the Representatives, as far as should be consistent with Men fearing God, honouring the King, and acting faithfully for their Constituents.—Likewise, Unity with the other Branches of the Legislature, consistent with their Allegiance, their Duty towards His Majesty’s Governor and Council, and the Good of the Province.

II. That an Act might be passed, to prohibit Sheriffs from demanding unreasonable Levies; and requiring that the Courts do annually give proper Directions to those Officers—as the real or pretended dishonest Execution of the Sheriffs Office, had occasioned much Uneasiness amongst the People for some Years past.

III. That an Amendment of the Laws in Force against Drunkenness, Profaneness and Lewdness, might be made; by imposing Fines on all Ministers, Magistrates, Clerks, Constables, Vestrymen and Church-Wardens that do not punish such Persons as may at any Time be guilty in their Presence or Hearing—those Laws, in their present State, being found insufficient to suppress those Vices. [...]

V. That their Representatives do not recommend any Persons to Places of Trust or Profit, for Favour or Friendship; but such Men as fear God, hate Covetousness, and are likely to act more from a Principle of Virtue and Honesty, than a Desire of Honour, Applause, or Self-Interest—and that none should be left unrecommended from Pique or Partiality.

VI. That, as that Province had been stigmatized by her Sister Colonies, as a Receptacle of Vagrants and dishonest People, to the great Discouragement of the better settling thereof; and as the transporting of Horses from one Colony and even from one Neighbourhood to another, without proper Certificates, had opened a Door for many Abuses; so an Act might be passed to prevent such Impositions as much as possible in future.

VII. That, as all the Officers which compose the Courts are provided for by Law, either with Fees or Perquisites, except Jurors and Justices, so some Provision may also be made for them, according to their Service and Dignity—at the same Time leaving no Room for dishonest Magistrates to encourage Law Suits, with an Expectation of Fees.

VIII. That an Act be passed to establish the Value of Gold and Silver.

X. That the several Matters by them recommended be made public.

His Excellency Governor Martin (who is very assiduous in his Endeavours to restore good Order in that Government) fully explains the Nature of the Complains against the Sheriffs, etc. in a Proclamation dated the 4th of last Month; the Preamble to which runs in these Words, viz.

“Whereas great Complaints are made that Sheriffs, in Virtue of Executions, and for the Non-Payment of Public Taxes, levy on the Goods and Chattels of many People to much greater Amount than is sufficient to satisfy the same; and that by some Collusion or Neglect in the Sale thereof, in such Manner and Form as is by Law prescribed, many poor People suffer the greatest Distress, and some have been utterly ruined. And whereas it is alledged that the Sheriffs and their Deputies, often Times refuse to give Receipts for Taxes; and that when they do give Receipts they are often invalid, by the Omission of the Sum of the Taxes, or the Year for which they were paid, whereby many Persons have been obliged to pay the Taxes for the same Year a second Time. And that they also frequently claim and take illegal and exorbitant Fees, to the great Oppression of the People. To obviate, etc.”


1781

February 15, 1781
Royal Georgia Gazette

By their Excellencies Sir HENRY CLINTON, Knight of the most Honourable Order of the Bath, General and Commander in Chief of all his Majesty’s Forces within the Colonies lying on the Atlantick Ocean, from Nova Scotia to West Florida inclusive, &c. &c. &c. and MARIOT ARBUTHNOT, Esquire, Vice Admiral of the White, and Commander in Chief of his Majesty’s Ships and Vessels employed in North America, &c. &c. his Majesty’s Commissioners for restoring Peace to the Colonies and Plantations in North America, and for granting Pardon to such of his Majesty’s Subjects now in Rebellion as shall deserve the Royal Mercy, &c.

A DECLARATION

To the Inhabitants of the British Colonies on the Continent of North America, now in rebellion, of every rank, order, and denomination, excepting always such persons who, under the usurped forms of trial, have tyrannically and inhumanly been instrumental in executing and putting to death any of his Majesty’s loyal subjects.

GREAT BRITAIN having manifested the sincerity of her affectionate and conciliatory intentions, in removing forever your pretended grounds of discontent, by repealing, among other statutes, those relating to the duty on tea, and the alterations in the government of Massachusets Bay, and by exempting forever not only the continental, but the insular colonies, from parliamentary taxations, it is with much pleasure we make known to you, that we have received a commission, under the great seal of Great Britain, which has for its objects the removal of distrusts by the remission of offences—the restoration of the benefits of an extensive commerce—the enabling the constitutional officers of government to reassume their functions, (that you may again enjoy your former local legislatures)—and the confirmation of your rights, liberties, and privileges.

The door is thus again thrown open (if happily you are disposed to avail yourselves of the opportunity it affords) for commencing negociations, which may instantly terminate the miseries of your country.

We do therefore, by the authority in us vested, hereby invite all the colonies in rebellion, separately as such, or any associations of men therein, to depute proper persons (for whom on application safe conducts shall be given) to make to us, jointly or separately, or in our absence to our Council, (composed of the following members, viz. The Right Honorable Lieutenant General Charles Earl Cornwallis; his Excellency James Robertson, Esquire, Captain General and Governor in Chief of the province of New York; Josiah Martin, Esquire, Captain General and Governor in Chief of the province of North Carolina; William Franklin, Esquire, Captain General and Governor in Chief of the province of New Jersey; the Honourable Andrew Elliot, Esquire, Lieutenant Governor of the said province of New York; William Smith, Esquire, Chief Justice of the said province of New York; Frederick Smyth, Esquire, Chief Justice of the said province of New Jersey; and John Tabor Kempe, Esquire, his Majesty’s Attorney General of the said province of New York; or to the General Officer commanding the King’s troops in any of the provinces) all such propositions respecting the state of the said provinces, modes or forms of government; or touching the laws by which they are affected; and respecting such arrangements and regulations as may tend to the advantages and stability of the several colonies and provinces; and to a lasting union with each of them with Great Britain, upon the principles of the constitution, which his Majesty’s subjects shall be desirous to confer upon, or lay, through us, before the King for his royal consideration, and that of his Parliament.

And, for the consolation of the friends of peace and the reunion of the empire, as well as for the encouragement of all who in future may adopt the same sentiments, and by their immediate exertions and example, assist in accomplishing so desirable an event, we declare it to be the intention of Great Britain, by the blessing of God, to contend for the interests of the Colonists as inseparably connected with her own, so that they will neither be left a prey to the rapacious avarice of their domestick persecutors, nor to the deep and insidious designs of their pretended friends and allies.

And while the loyal are exhorted to persevere in their integrity for the preservation of their country, its religion and liberties, we avow to others of every order, who having so long listened to the councils that preferred war to peace are enabled by their past experience to decide on the folly of that destructive choice, our anxious desire for their immediate acceptance of this invitation, as Great Britain in this contest of arms, ever mindful of your descent and connection, has spared what it was and still is in her power to destroy, and now only wishes as an affectionate parent to rescue from the cruel and tyrannical usurpations which your leaders are struggling to support for selfish and corrupt ends, and at your risk of being delivered over to Popish and arbitrary nations.

Having thus announced the benevolent purposes of our commission, we do hereby further declare to the inhabitants of Pennsylvania, the Three Lower Counties on Delaware, New Jersey, that part of New York still in revolt, Connecticut, and Rhode Island, separately as provinces, or to any association of men therein, who shall, on or before the fist day of July next ensuing, declare their abhorrence of the rebellion, separate from its councils, and afterwards demean themselves as dutiful and peaceable subjects of his Majesty’s government, that we shall be ready to grant them pardon for all past treasons, and the full benefits of the King’s clemency as before recited. We do also make the same offers of pardon and benefits to the inhabitants of the other more southern and eastern colonies in rebellion, or to any association of men therein, who shall, on or before the first day of August next ensuing, declare and act in the manner aforementioned, and afterwards persevere in the like dutiful and loyal behaviour.

If any shall be so hardy and desperate as to contemn the proffered clemency of their Sovereign, the liberality of the nation, and the means and mediation we now tender for effecting the mutual reconciliation of countrymen with each other, and the equitable adjustment and composure of their differences and ferments, they are hereby warned of the aggravation of such guilt, and most earnestly implored to shun the punishment ordained by the laws of their country, and which, when restored to their free course, will be inflicted for their treasonable offences.

And that these intimations, which so highly concern the people in the revolted districts, may not be concealed from them, to the danger and ruin of any person in the future operations, or at the final conclusion of the war, we require all officers civil and military to be aiding and assisting with us in the publication thereof, and in the execution of commission, and of all the powers and matters therein contained.

Given under our hands and seals, at the City of New York, this twenty-ninth day of December, in the twenty-first year of his Majesty’s reign.

H. CLINTON, (L.S.)

Mr. ARBUTHNOT, (L.S.)

By their Excellencies Command,

    DANIEL COXE, p. Secretary.

 


March 22, 1781
Royal Georgia Gazette

CHARLESTOWN, March 10.

[ . . . ]

March 14. So total a defection from the rebel government has taken place in North Carolina that great numbers are continually repairing from all quarters of that province to the royal army, which we are assured was lately joined by 700 men, in one body, under Col. Field.


May 10, 1781
Royal Georgia Gazette

THE proclamation issued by Sir Henry Clinton, giving longer time to submit, and hopes of reception, proves indeed the humanity and lenity of Government, but it is to be feared will by those whom it concerns be construed rather as a license to continue so much longer in rebellion. Hopes of impunity have always been the great support of the wicked, and it is really to be lamented that so many of our fellow creatures, and former friends and neighbours, instead of securing their peace, safety, and remains of property, at once should be actuated by folly, presumption, rage, and despair, to spread misery wherever they go. In the very nature of things they must at last feel that misery of which themselves are the authors, and in the utmost excess of their presumption a moment’s consideration would convince them that “the triumph of the wicked is short.”


May 31, 1781
Royal Georgia Gazette

Charlestown, May 16. Last Sunday the 12th instant, being the Anniversary of the Surrender of this Town to the Royal Arms—of the Emancipation of its Inhabitants from Rebel Usurpation and Tyranny—and of their Reunion with their venerable Parent Country—the same was observed here with every mark of respect and joy suitable to the commemoration of such happy events.

The same day several masters of vessels and other gentlemen, who had been lately taken prisoners and carried into North Carolina, arrived here in a cartel from Beaufort.

A gentleman who arrived here a few days ago from Newbern in North Carolina has favoured us with the following intelligence.

About 16 days ago Lord Cornwallis, with the army under his command, passed the river Neuse, about 20 miles above Newbern, and marched forward towards Halifax, to which place, it was said, Gen. Phillips was also moving with his troops from Virginia. The Rebels at Newbern, on the first information they received of Lord Cornwallis’s marching northwards, were apprehensive of his going thither in his route, and knowing their incapacity to resist, many of the most violent, among whom was their Governor Nash, fled with the utmost precipitation.

Green has entirely drained both North Carolina and Virginia of their troops to compose his southern army. It was indeed expected that their place would be supplied by others from the northern colonies, under the command of La Fayette, but none have hitherto arrived. The reason which is given by the rebels for their not having arrived (whether it be a true or false one the gentleman who gives us this information does not pretend to say) is, that Sir Henry Clinton has landed at Newcastle on the Delaware with 4000 men.

The currency of the country, or what the rebels term their state money, has depreciated so much, that the rate of exchange between the same nominal sums of it and specie are 400 for one.

From the want of salt, and the little frost there was last winter, salted provisions, the general food of the country, hence became scarce; the scarcity has been increased by a late tax in kind; but the necessities of their government are so great, that, maugre these circumstances, another tax in kind has been levied, by which every inhabitant is obliged to deliver up one fifth of all the provision he possesses. The commissioners who are appointed to collect it are empowered to break open doors, and to commit other acts of violence in the execution of their office. This grievous tax, and the odious conduct of its gatherers, have given so great offence, that a few days ago one of them was shot in the very act of breaking open the door of a farmer’s smoak-house near Beaufort.

When the army took possession of Wilmington the publick stores were removed from Newbern up Pamlico. The place where they are deposited lies in the route of Lord Cornwallis to Halifax; it is therefore expected they will all fall into his possession.

Anthony is now employed in building a large galley on Tar river, which it is said will be rowed by 46 oars, and will carry an 18 pounder in her bow. The Crown Galley, a prize ship from Savannah to Britain, and a prize brig from the West Indies, two dispatch boats taken coming from Virginia to Wilmington, and two privateers, one a brig and the other a schooner, were lying at Beaufort when the flag left that place.


June 7, 1781
Royal Georgia Gazette

NEW-YORK,

March 21.

[ . . . ]

May 12.

[ . . . ]

The Congress’s final Bankruptcy. By a person arrived from Philadelphia we are informed that last Saturday a large body of the inhabitants, with paper dollars in their hats by way of cockades, paraded the streets of Philadelphia, carrying colours flying, with a DOG TARRED, and, instead of the usual appendage and ornament of feathers, his back was covered with the Congress’s paper dollars. This example of disaffection, immediately under the eyes of the rulers of the revolted provinces in solemn session at the State House assembled, was directly followed by the gaoler, who refused accepting the bills in purchase of a glass of rum, and afterwards by the traders of the city, who shut up their shops, declining to sell any more goods but for gold or silver. It was declared also by the popular voice, that if the opposition to Great Britain was not in future carried on by solid money instead of paper bills, all further resistance to the mother country were vain, and must be given up.

The above is the most accurate account of the annihilation of the Congressional currency that we have yet been able to obtain.


June 14, 1781
Royal Georgia Gazette

New-York, May 12. The troops intended by Mr. Wayne to move with him southerly, consisting of less than 400 men, absolutely refuse to march until they are cloathed and paid in hard money; the former has been taken in the Confederacy by his Majesty’s ship Roebuck; as to the latter, the Congress can only pay in paper dollars, at 700 for one silver dollar, to which rate of exchange they fell at Philadelphia the day preceeding the procession with the Tarred Cur.


August 30, 1781
Royal Georgia Gazette

New-York, May 30.

[ . . . ]

June 16. Thursday died Samuel Cornell, Esq. one of his Majesty’s Council for the province of North Carolina, and of the first eminence in fortune of that country, a gentleman ever distinguished by his loyalty, probity, and urbanity; the loss of him is sincerely regretted by a very extensive circle of friends, and irreparably felt by five most amiable young ladies, his truly afflicted daughters.


August 30, 1781
Royal Georgia Gazette

SAVANNAH, August 30.

WE are informed that the Rebel Governor of North Carolina having intimated to some of his associates that five regiments ought to be raised for the defence of that state, and that if it could not be effected some terms should be made with Lord Cornwallis, a Dr. Burke prevailed with the rabble to elect him Governor in the room of Mr. Nash, who chose to resign.

A letter from an officer of rank in Lord Cornwallis’s army to his friend in New York, dated Portsmouth, Virginia, May 31, says, they marched from Wilmington in North Carolina to Petersburg in Virginia, (where they joined Gen. Phillips) without having a shot fired at them; and that they have paroled from 6 to 7000 men who came voluntarily in to them.


October 11, 1781
Royal Georgia Gazette

CHARLESTOWN, September 13.

[ . . . ]

Extract of a letter from Wilmington, North Carolina, dated the 23d instant.

“From the appearance of affairs, and the late defeat of Greene’s army, added to the zeal and spirit of the people in this province, we are induced to think that we shall have peace and trade soon restored, and the British government established among us. We must inform you of some pleasing intelligence received from the country a few days ago, which may be depended on, as it has been confirmed by different expresses: A body of militia, commanded by Col. Fanning and Col. Hector M’Neill, marched to Hillsborough, and there had a smart skirmish with some continental troops, whom they defeated, they then proceeded to a place at some distance, where the titular Governor, Burke, and 11 or 12 continental officers, with some of the Council, had met, the whole of these they surprized and made prisoners; after this they were again attacked by a considerable body of Rebels, whom they also defeated, killed a number, and brought off prisoners to the amount of 200. Major Craig, with between 3 and 400 men, marched yesterday to join and support Col. Fanning and his party, who are now on their route to this place, and expected here in a few days.”


November 22, 1781
Royal Georgia Gazette

CHARLESTOWN, October 31.

BY advices from Jamaica we are informed, that there were on the 29th of August at Cape François, two 74 gun ships, without their lower tier of guns, having put them ashore at Tobago; one ship of 50 guns, and five or six frigates: That the fleet for France was still at the Cape, and it was supposed would not sail till some time in October.

On Saturday last a Court of Vice Admiralty was held at the State-House, for the first time since the reduction of this town.

Letters of marque against his Majesty’s enemies can now be procured here.

On Sunday a fleet of seven sail of transport and merchant vessels arrived here from Cape Fear river, under convoy of his Majesty’s frigate Solebay.

About 170 prisoners were brought in the fleet. Among them are Mr. Burke, the titular Governor of North Carolina, some of his Council, and several continental officers and privates.

On Thursday last, in the 59th year of his age, Capt. Baron De Stein, of the Hessian regiment de Bose, departed this life, very much regretted as an excellent officer; he possessed many amiable qualities, and his death is universally lamented by a numerous acquaintance. His funeral on the same evening was celebrated with due military honours; a very numerous procession of his Excellency Lieut. Gen. de Bose, Field Officers, and of the Officers of the garrison, British as well as German.

November 7. Yesterday arrived off the bar of this place, his Majesty’s frigates the Blonde and Carysfort, from the Bay of Chesapeak, having on board the Hon. Lieut. Gen. Leslie, with his suite, and a corps of artillery for the garrison.



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