North Carolina Office of Archives & History Department of Cultural Resources
Historical Publications Section The Colonial Records Project
Jan-Michael Poff, Editor
Historical Publications Section
4622 Mail Service Center
Raleigh, NC 27699-4622
Phone: (919) 733-7442
Fax: (919) 733-1439


Last Updated 01/18/08


1737               1761               1771               1786                1794                 

1738               1763               1772               1787               1795                  

1739               1764               1773               1789               1796                  

1745               1765               1775               1790               1797                  

1753               1766               1779               1791               1798                  

1755               1767               1783               1792                                              

1756               1769               1785               1793                                              

1757              1770                                                                                                  


September 16-23, 1737
Virginia Gazette

Just Publish’d, [...]


Being not only an exact Plan of the Land, small Rivers, Creeks, etc. but also of the Sea-coast, and navigable Rivers; describing the several Inlets, with their Soundings, Shoals, Anchorage, Marks, etc. Very useful to Navigators; And as it is a very large Map, (being Five Feet long, and Four Feet broad, on Two Sheets of Elephant Paper) it’s not only Useful, but Ornamental for Gentlemens Halls, Parlours, or Stair-cases. By Edward Moseley, Esq; late Surveyor-General of the said Province. Price 6 s. 3 d.

October 14, 1737
Virginia Gazette

London, April 2, 1737.

Dear Dearest Brother,

ACCEDENTILY one Day in this City, as I was in Company of some Gentlemen which newly came from America, in talking of several Things, I heard your Name mentioned, which made me enquire a little further into the Matter, and my Friend I was in Company in, told me he knew you very well, and reharst the Passages of your Life for some Years, which gave me a great Uneasiness to think and to confider from whence you are fallen. Consider we are one Flesh and Blood, and whether or no it can chuse but be a great Trouble to me to see one of the Family be a Straggler up and down the World, and tow’d up and down from Place to Place. I hear you have been married, and have a Son, but that your Wife is dead, and you are a single Man again, which I advise you to remain ‘til you see me. I have had Two Children, and they are both dead: If you will send your Son home to me, I will take Care of him as much as if he were my own. Your Father and Mother was in good Health the 20th of January, when I was there. Your Mother wants mightily to hear from you, and much more to see you; and nothing would more rejoyce her aged Spirits then to see you before she dies. Pray consider with your self what a Grief and Trouble you have been to your aged Parents, from Time to Time, and now to have been so many Years absent, and never a Line from you, which makes me conclude that you have cast off all natural Affection; but may him who made us all at first, create and make in you a new Heart and Mind, that you may repent of your Sins, before it be too late; for I hear you have given yourself up intirely to Drunkenness, that Beastly Sin, with many other foul and filthy Lusts, contrary to what you was brought up; for I may lay unto you as Paul did unto Timothy, That from a Youth thou hast known the Holy Scriptures, which are able to make you wife through Faith, unto Salvation, which God of his Infinite Mercy, grant unto you. And now once more let me prevail upon you to leave of your evil Courses, and take up in Time; let the Time past suffice you wherein you have fulfilled the Lust of the Flesh. I look upon it as my bounded Duty to exhort and warn you from the Wrath to come.

And now, my Dearest Dear, (for so are you unto me) for your Encouragement, if you will be careful and take hold of the Ways of Virtue, which leads to everlasting Life, I have, at present, sent you some small Matter, which may be a Help to you in your forlorn and destitute Condition, never expecting any Return but a grateful Heart and clear Conscience, void of Offence towards God and Man, which God of his Infinite Mercy grant unto you.

Now unto him which is able to keep you from falling, I commend you, and may he preserve you blameless in the great Day of Account, when the Secrets of all Hearts shall be opened; that you there may be found blameless without Spot or Blemish, is the sincere Desire and hearty Prayer of him who is your Dearest Dear, and

R. MILLARD                                   

P. S. I have sent to Mr. Nelson’s in York Town, Virginia, consign’d to him for you, if the Ship arrives safe, the following Goods, viz.

Sixty Pieces of fine Linen, 20 Pieces of Oznabrigs, 10 Pieces of Kersey, 48 Yards of Broad Cloth, with several other small European Goods, and a Trunk with 1 Dozen of very good Holland Shirts, Hat, Wigg, and something else. Likewise I have sent Orders by Way of Exchange, for you to have Sixty Pounds in Cash, which I wish safe to your Hands; and it may do you good is my Desire. I long to see you once more, and remain your Affectionate,

R. M.                                               

Direct your Letter to me,

Richard Millard, Bishop

of Bath and Wells

Directed to Mr. John Millard, in Pequimons Precinct, in North Carolina.



The above Letter was delivered to Mr. Millard, who it seems is a Taylor, by a traveling Parson, who said he came from Rappahanock, in Virginia, and was bound to Cape Fear, and had received the Letter at Norfolk, with a particular Charge to deliver it to his own Hands, if possible. Whether the Traveller had put this Trick on the poor Man, with a Design to make himself welcome, or that the Letter was contriv’d by some of his waggish Neighbours for Mirth’s Sake, is not known to us yet; but certain it is, the poor Man was so well pleas’d with the Letter, (believing it to be real, from these Circumstances, that he had a Brother a Clergyman in the West of England, who possibly might be advanc’d to the Dignity of Bishop, and some Similitude in the Hand wanting that he not only entertain’d the Traveller kindly in his House, but also gave him Money to carry him on his Journey: In a few Days he set off for Virginia, and went to Mr. Nelson’s at York, to enquire for the Money and Goods which he suppos’d his Brother the Bishop had sent him, but to his great Mortification he found neither were sent him, Mr. Nelson knowing nothing of the Matter; so that he was forc’d to return back, with a heavy Heart; now believes the whole to be a Forgery; and offers a Reward of Two Pistoles to any Person who will discover the Author of it.


April 7, 1738
Virginia Gazette

A Large MAP of NORTH CAROLINA; Being not only an exact Plan of the Land, small Rivers, Creeks, etc. but also of the Sea-coast, and navigable Rivers; describing the several Inlets, with their several Soundings, Shoals, Anchorage, Marks, etc. Very useful to Navigators: And as it is a very large Map, (being Five Feet long, and Four Feet broad, on Two Sheets of Elephant Paper) it’s not only Useful, but Ornamental to Gentlemen’s Halls, Parlours, or Stair-cases. By Edward Moseley, Esq; late Surveyor-General of the said Province. Price 6s. 3d.

April 28, 1738
Virginia Gazette

ALEXANDER SPOTSWOOD, Esq; Sole Deputy Post-Master General of America having lately form’d a new Regulation for carrying on the several Post-Stages with greater Expedition and Certainty than hitherto, this is to advertize the Publick thereof, and that by the Regulation, the several Stages will be perform’d, as follows, viz. The Post is to set out from the General Post Office at New-Post, on the 26th last, to cross over Patowmack that Night, and arrive at Annapolis on the Friday [illegible] make some Stop, and then proceed to Susquehanna, where he is to arrive on Saturday Night; and exchange Mails with the Philadelphia Rider, who is to meet him; The Monday [illegible], he is to return to Annapolis, and arriving at Patowmack on the Tuesday Night, from whence the Mail is to be brought to New-Post, on the Wednesday, and the next Monday to set out for Williamsburg, where he is to arrive on Saturday. Riders are engag’d so conveniently, that no Post Horse is to cross Patowmack or Susquehanna, by what means the Mail will pass much more certain than usual, it [illegible] been often retarded before, by bad Weather, when it was impossible for a Horse to pass those wide Ferries, so that the Post will, for the future, regularly arrive at Williamsburg every other Saturday. And in order to extend the Post Office still further to the Southward, Col. Spotswood has been pleased to grant a Commission to William Parks, the Printer of this Paper, to carry on a Stage from Williamsburg to Edenton, in North Carolina, which is to be perform’d once a Month, Summer and Winter. The Stage is already begun, and the Post is to set out again from Williamsburg, on Monday the 8th of May, to go over Hog Island Ferry: from thence to Nansemond Court-house, thence to Norfolk Town; and from thence to Edenton, where he is to stay One Night, and then to return the same Way back again, and so to continue the Stage regularly [illegible] North.

All persons who have Letters to send to the Northward of Williamsburg, are desired to deliver them to William Parks at the Printer Office; and they also have Letters to send from North Carolina, to the Northward of Edenton, are desired to deliver them to Dr. Abraham Blackhall, at Edenton, who is appointed Post-Master of Carolina.


May 25, 1739
Virginia Gazette

Williamsburg, May 25. We hear for certain, that there is now a Post settled from Charles-Town to Edenton which return’d last Monday was Se’ennight to Charles-Town; and that the Postage of Letters from thence to Cape Fear, and Edenton, amounted to 80 £ North-Carolina Money: By which it may be reasonably expected, that in a short Time, the Number of Letters will greatly increase from the Northward.

August 17, 1739 (Parks)*
Virginia Gazette

THIS is to give Notice to all Persons that have Occasion to correspond to the Southward, That a POST-Stage has been some Time carried on, and is still Continued, from Williamsburg, to Edenton, in North-Carolina, to carry Letters and Packets. And that There is now begun, and will be carried on, once a Month, POST-Stages, from Edenton aforesaid, to Cape-Fear, and from thence to Charles-Town, in South-Carolina: So that now a Communication may be carry’d on, by POST, all the Way from Piscataway, and Boston, in New-England, thro’ the Principal Towns and Places in New-York, Pennsylvania, Maryland, Virginia, and North-Carolina, to Charles-Town, in South-Carolina, and from thence there are frequent Opportunities to Georgia: Which must certainly be a great Benefit to the Public, and particularly to the Trading Part of it. The Printer of this Paper keeps the POST-OFFICE in Williamsburg, for the Reception and Dispatch of Letters from and to the Souward. The Southern Post will set off from Williamsburg, as soon as the Northern Post arrives there, which will be on Tuesday the 28th of this Month; and so will continue to go constantly once a Month, Summer and Winter.

*An almost identical advertisement appeared in the 22 June 1739 edition of this newspaper.

September 12, 1745
Virginia Gazette

IF William Barrow Shergold, who came some Years ago, from England, and is suppos’d to live now in Pasquotank, Perquimons, or Corratuck Counties, North-Carolina, will apply to the Printer of this Paper, either in Person, or by Letter, he will hear of something considerable to his Advantage.

December 12, 1745
Virginia Gazette

Stray’d away from the Subscriber, in Newtopsail, near Wilmington, Cape-Fear, about the Middle of November last, a large Roan Mare, branded on the near Shoulder D. and on the near Buttock H: Also a small Black Horse, branded P. with a Scar in his Forehead. Whoever brings them to me, or to the Printer of this Paper shall have Two Guinea as a Reward, paid by

James Morris.                              


July 26, 1753
The Pennsylvania Gazette

Charlestown, South-Carolina, May 14.

June 25. The Commander in Chief of North-Carolina has prohibited the Exportation of Indian Corn, and all other Grain, from that Province, till the 12th of November next; Power to do so being given him by an Act, intituled, An Act to prohibit the Exportation of Grain in Time of Scarcity, whereby it is enacted, “That whenever the Price of Corn exceeds 3 s. Proclamation Money per Bushel in any Port of that Province, the Governor, our Commander in Chief, with the Consent of at least 3 of his Council, may, by Proclamation, prohibit the Exportation of all Grain.”

December 11, 1753
Edinburgh Evening Courant

We have Advice from Providence in America, that a Vessel was put in there in Distress, bound from Jamaica for Cape-Fear: Incoming through the Windward Passage she was brought to by a Spanish Guarda-Costa, and after strict Search, finding no Money on board, the Spaniards were so exasperated, that they used the People cruelly, so that only four Persons were able to stand the Deck, which obliged them to put into the above Port for Assistance to carry the Vessel to the Northward.


August 28, 1755
The Pennsylvania Gazette

BOSTON, August 18.

From the LONDON MAGAZINE for May, 1755. Number of the British Subjects, Men, Women and Children in the Colonies in North-America, taken from Militia Rolls, Poll taxes, Bills of Mortality, Returns from Governors, and other authentick Authorities.

The Colonies of Inhabitants.

HALIFAX and Lunenhurg in Nova-Scotia                                                                                            5000

New Hampshire                                                                                                                                        30000

Massachusetts Bay                                                                                                                                220000

Rhode-Island and Providence                                                                                                              35000

Connecticut                                                                                                                                            100000

New York                                                                                                                                                100000

The Jerseys                                                                                                                                               60000

Pennsylvania                                                                                                                                         250000

Maryland                                                                                                                                                 85000

Virginia                                                                                                                                                    85000

North Carolina                                                                                                                                      45000

South Carolina                                                                                                                                      30000

Georgia                                                                                                                                                     6000

Total Number                                                                                                                                    1,051000

Exclusive of military Forces in the Pay of the Government, and Negroes.


November 17, 1757
The Pennsylvania Gazette

On the First Day of August last were published, PROPOSALS for Printing by SUBSCRIPTION, A NEW AMERICAN MAGAZINE. To be published Monthly, and to contain Six Half sheets in Octavo, printed on a good Paper, and fair Character. […]

North Carolina, by John Campbell, Esq; in Bertie County, and Rev. Mr. William Fanning, in Northampton County.


February 5, 1756
The Pennsylvania Gazette

WILLIAMSBURG, December 26.

The Vessel on board of which the French Neutrals were, and was apprehended to be lost, is arrived at York Town, having lost her Mast at Sea, and being obliged to put into North Carolina to refit; Part of them remain at York, Part are near this City, and Part are sent to the Eastern Shore.


December 10, 1761
The Pennsylvania Gazette

NOTICE is hereby given to Alexander Martin, Merchant in Salisbury, North Carolina, that his Father Hugh Martin, of Hunterdon County, New Jersey, died the 9th of March last, and left him and his Brother James his Executors; wherefore said Alexander Martin, if not inconvenient to Business, is desired to return home, to settle his late Father's Affairs; but if his coming should be attended with any Disadvantage to him, he is requested not to come, by his Mother, JANE MARTIN.


September 29, 1763
The Pennsylvania Gazette

CHARLES-TOWN, in South Carolina.

Orders are likewise received by the Governor, to establish, in concert with the Governor of North Carolina, a temporary line of jurisdiction between the two provinces, which is to begin at the 35th degree of latitude. The old line, if not already compleated, we hear, is ordered to be perfected; is to run to the eastward of the Catawba claims, and all forts (let them be where they will) are to be in that province by which they were built and supported.


May 17, 1764
The Pennsylvania Gazette

Philadelphia, May 17, 1764.


Compiled from ORIGINAL MANUSCRIPTS, and properly digested.

This Work will consist of,

1. Some Account of the AUTHOR, and his Writings.

2. POEMS on various Subjects, including those detached Pieces that are already in Print, and several new Performances.

3. The PRINCE of PARTHIA, a Tragedy; revised and corrected. A Table of Contents, and a List of the Subbers Names, will be added. THE whole will be comprised in a handsome Quarto Volume, elegantly printed upon a good Paper, and neatly bound and lettered. The Conditions will be, One Dollar for each Book; Three Shillings of which to be paid at the Time of subscribing, and the Remainder when the Book is delivered.

[ . . . ]

Subscriptions are taken in by D. HALL, RIVINGTON and BROWN, W. DUNLAP, H. MILLER, and at the Bar of the London Coffee house, in Philadelphia; by RIVINGTON and BROWN, in New York; and by Mr. JOHN ROBINSON, Merchant, in Wilmington, North Carolina.

May 24, 1764
The Pennsylvania Gazette

Whereas Stephen Brock, formerly a Liver in or near Bristol, on Delaware, and late of North Carolina, is deceased, therefore his Executors desire that his Creditors, both in Pennsylvania and Jersies, may apply to the Subscriber hereof, living in Lower Merion, Philadelphia County, who will wait on the said Creditors, if they see Cause, on the 16th Day of June next, at the Sign of the Waggon, in Market street, Philadelphia, to be informed how and where they may be paid, as far as the Estate will allow, who the Executors are, and where to be found, by BENJAMIN HUMPHREY.


February 28, 1765
The Pennsylvania Gazette

ALL Persons indebted to John Mendenhall, late of East Caln, Chester County, now in North Carolina, are desired to pay their respective Debts to me the Subscriber, by the 10th Day of March next, or they may expect to be proceeded against as the Law directs, as I have a full Power of Attorney to act on said Mendenhall's Behalf. WARRICK MILLER.

April 4, 1765
The Pennsylvania Gazette

From Wilmington, in North-Carolina, we learn, that Lord Adam Gordon was there, and was quickly to set out for the Northward, in order to take a Survey of all the Fortifications on the Continent.

April 29, 1765
The Connecticut Courant

“Willmington, (N. Carolina) March 6.
The snow _____, Capt. Dunn, from Boston, arrived in this port on Saturday last: —While she lay at Brunswick, two young men belonging to her, having some angry words with each other, determined to decide the matter in dispute by blows; but in the contest, they unfortunately fell overboard, and both were drowned: So, ____ “DEATH get the Victory”

May 9, 1765
The Pennsylvania Gazette

WILMINGTON (in North-Carolina) March 20.

March 27. The following melancholy Affair happened at Brunswick about 8 Days ago; Alexander Whitehurst, Lieutenant, and Mr. Thomas Simpson, Master of his Majesty’s Sloop Viper, Jacob Lobb, Esq; Commander, having had some Difference with each other, a Duel ensued, in which they were both wounded: The Lieutenant languished till Saturday Evening last, when he expired; and it is believed the Master will not long survive him. […]

April 3. On Thursday, the 28th of March, died, at his Seat near Brunswick, His Excellency ARTHUR DOBBS, Esq; Captain-General and Governor in Chief in and over this Province.

His Excellency’s Remains were interred on Friday Evening, in the new Church of Brunswick, with all the Respect and Decorum which the Situation and Circumstances of the Place would permit: Many of his real Friends accompanied him to the Grave, with sorrowful Hearts. Minute Guns were fired from Fort Johnston, from his Majesty’s Ships lying in the River, and from a temporary Battery at Wilmington; and every other Military Honour paid to the Memory of that great and good Man.

April 10. On Wednesday last there was a Meeting of his Majesty’s Council; when the Honourable Colonel WILLIAM TRYON was sworn into the Office of Lieutenant Governor of this Province: His Honour, after taking the necessary Oaths, was attended by the Gentlemen of the Council, and the rest of the Gentlemen of the Place, from the Council-Chamber to the Town-Hall, where his Honour’s Commission was read, in the Presence of a numerous Audience, who all expressed the greatest Satisfaction on the Occasion.

June 12, 1765
Caledonian Mercury (Edinburgh)

By the act passed last sessions for regulating the postage of letters, the following regulations take place on the 10th of October next.

In America. A single letter from England to America, and from America to England is to pay 1 s. a double letter 2 s. a treble letter 3 s. an ounce 4 s. and packets heavier than an ounce, more in the same proportion.

A single letter by sea, from any one port in America, to any other, is to pay 4d. a double one, 8d. a treble one, 1 s. an ounce 1 s. 4 d. etc.

A single letter by land, in the interior part of the country, for any distance, not more than sixty miles, 4 d. a double one 8 d. and so on as above.

For any distance more than 60, and not exceeding 100 miles, 6 d. etc.

For any distance more than 100 miles, and less than two, 8 d. etc.

For every 100 miles above 200, each single letter is to pay 2 d. every double one 4 d. etc.

June 17, 1765
Caledonian Mercury (Edinburgh)

Philadelphia, April 4. From Wilmington, in North Carolina, we learn, that Lord Adam Gordon was there, and was going to set out for the northward, in order to take a survey of all the fortifications on the continent.

June 26, 1765
Caledonian Mercury (Edinburgh)

They write from Brunswick, in North Carolina, that a duel was fought there the latter end of March last, between a Lieutenant and the master of one of his Majesty’s sloops, in which they were both wounded: the Lieutenant languished three days, when he expired; and it was believed the Master would not long survive him.

July 8, 1765
Caledonian Mercury (Edinburgh)

Extract of a letter from Cape Fear, North Carolina, April 27, 1765.

“A duel was lately fought at Brunswick in North Carolina, near the new church building there, between Mr. Whitehurst, Lieutenant of his Majesty’s ship Viper, and Mr. Simpson, Master of the said ship. The original quarrel between them was on account of two men leaving the boat the Master went on shore in, when the said ship lay in Cape Fear river. Words arose upon that occasion, but an officer, who was one of their Messmates, interposed, and seemingly reconciled them. While the ship was at Virginia, a young man, who was recommended on board, had the indulgence from the Captain to walk the quarter-deck. This person courted, or pretended to court, an agreeable young woman, who then lived in Norfolk in Virginia; her father-in-law keeping one of the best Taverns in that town: Mr. Simpson, the Master, happening to see her, fell in love with her, and at last prevailed on her to come on board the ship at midnight. The Viper sailing soon after to Cape Fear, she was married there to Simpson: the young fellow being thus disappointed of his Lady, thought of nothing else but revenge. In order to effect this, he insinuated himself into the good Graces of the Lieutenant.

In the duel which was fought with large pistols, the Lieutenant had his thigh-bone shattered, and in the right-arm: the former is dead of the fracture, and some wounds he is said to have received on the head, after he fell down; from the butt-end of his antagonist’s pistol. A jury was impannelled, and upon proper enquiry into the matter, they brought in their verdict, Wilful Murder: upon which the Governor issued a proclamation for apprehending the Master; but wounded as he was he found means to escape, and some days after was seen in a languishing condition on a desolate and barren coast, a few miles from Cape Fear, with only a sorry tent to cover him. Search has been made after him, but he is not to be found; so that it is generally concluded he also is dead.”

July 18, 1765
The Pennsylvania Gazette

THE four following Persons, viz William Mills, of Cranbury, New Jersey, John Wilson, of Sadsbury, Lancaster County, Richard Sayres, and Neal Herkins, had Dealings in Philadelphia in the Years 1761 and 1762, since which the Persons to whom they stand indebted have had no certain Account of them; it is therefore humbly requested, that any Person or Persons, that can give an Account of them, or either of them will be so kind as to send a Line of Information to the Subscribers in Philadelphia, which will be an Act of Benevolence, and esteemed as a Favour, it being supposed that either they are dead, and their Effects fallen into the Hands of those who would be satisfied to keep them, or that they have absconded from their usual Places of Abode to avoid paying their just Debts, which in either Case it is hoped no Lover of Honesty, that has any Knowledge of them, will be backward in giving Information. PUSEY and GIBBONS.

N.B. There has been some uncertain Accounts, that Sayres, was in Virginia, and that Herkins died in some Part of North Carolina. Wilson is supposed to be in some Part of Maryland, Sayres and Herkins were Pedlars, Mills a Shopkeeper, and Wilson a Horse Jockey.

July 25, 1765
The Pennsylvania Gazette

WILMINGTON (North Carolina) June 19.

On the 11th inst. arrived here, in 21 Days from Savannah le Mar. the Brigantine Thomas, Capt. Griffith; while he lay at Jamaica a Brig arrived there from Europe, who on her Passage had fallen in with 12 Sail of Spanish Men of War, to the Windward of Hispaniola, but what their Intentions were he could not learn. Immediately on this Information a Man of War was sent out, in order to watch their Motions. There were at the Havannah an Admiral's Ship, and several others. The Works, it is said, were mostly finished; and every Thing in seeming Readiness for Business. — The Essex, an English 64 Gun Ship, had put into the Havannah; but as soon as she came within Hail of the Fort, was asked what Business she had there? The Essex returned no Answer, but run into the Harbour, and came to an Anchor: On which Orders were immediately sent them, not to come on shore. The Essex, after taking in some Water, sailed again, without having further Intimacy with the Spaniards.


January 22, 1766
Caledonian Mercury (Edinburgh)

Philadelphia, Nov. 14. We have advice from Cape Francois, that the French General, in consequence of advice from Old France, had given orders to seize all English vessels that did not leave the island in 48 hours. Accordingly three or four belonging to New-York were seized, and all the people imprisoned, except Captain Montgomery, who at that time lay sick on shore, and hearing how things were, thought it better to make his escape than to go to gaol, and accordingly in disguise he went on board a brig which put into the cape in distress, but was ordered to depart in 48 hours, which she did, and got into North Carolina.

April 9, 1766
Caledonian Mercury (Edinburgh)

Newbern, North Carolina, Dec. 11. All manner of public business goes on here, except perhaps by the death of the Hon. Mr. Berry, Chief Justice of North Carolina. The Governor having lately called a council, Mr. Berry took occasion to ask the Secretary the reason of it, (but his answer had not transpired when the letter came away) soon after he retired to his chamber, took up a pistol and put the muzzle to his mouth, then fired, but the bullet taking an oblique direction, it did not put a period to his life for four days afterwards.

May 8, 1766
The Pennsylvania Gazette

IF DANIEL McCARTY Son of FLORENCE McCARTY, of Duplin County, in North-Carolina, who was bound Apprentice to Mr. George Trenchard, a Lawyer, at Salem, in the Jerseys, is living, his Father would be extremely fond to see him. If he wants any further Directions, he may apply at Mr. Steuart’s Printing-Office in Philadelphia, and on his Arrival at Wilmington, he is to enquire at the said Mr. Steuart’s Printing-Office in Wilmington, who will direct him to his Father,

FLORENCE MCCARTY.                              

August 11, 1766
Caledonian Mercury (Edinburgh)

Advices are received from America, that statues of the Earl of Chatham had been resolved to be erected at Cape Fear, North Carolina, Savanna in Georgia; and at Rhode-island.

October 30, 1766
Pennsylvania Gazette

A List of LETTERS remaining in the Post Office at Chester, […] James McMunn, Orange County, North Carolina (2)


April 4, 1767
Caledonian Mercury (Edinburgh)

On the 11th of January died at Wilmingtoun, in North-Carolina, Mrs. Anne Rutherfurd, daughter of James Rutherfurd, Esq; of Bowland, and spouse of Mr. Robert Schaw Merchant in that place. Her friends and relations are begged to accept this as a notification of their loss.

June 8, 1767
Caledonian Mercury (Edinburgh)

Charlestown, April 10. This day his Excellency John Wentworth, Esq: Governor of New Hampshire, set out by land for his government. With his Excellency went Peter de Lancey, Esq; Postmaster-general of the southern district, to visit and establish posts in the provinces of North Carolina and Virginia, for the better carrying on correspondence between them and the southern provinces: a measure much and long wished for.

December 17, 1767
The Pennsylvania Gazette

CHARLESTOWN (South-Carolina) October 30.
Captain Collett, an engineer, appointed governor of Fort Johnston, in North-Carolina, and to survey that province, is arrived here from London.


January 12, 1769
The Pennsylvania Gazette

MAGAZINES being the taste of the age, and found to possess many conveniences, such as gratifying the curiosity of the public, and serving as a repository for many small, tho’ valuable, pieces, that would otherwise be lost to the world, LEWIS NICOLA proposes publishing such a work monthly, under the title of


There will be annually 13 numbers (containing three sheets each in 8 vo) viz. One for every month, and an appendix, consisting of a general title page, index, &c.

The price to each subscriber will be Thirteen Shillings, Pennsylvania currency, to be paid at the time of subscribing.

[ . . . ]

Subscriptions will be taken and papers to be inserted in the magazine received by the following persons. [ . . . ] Mr. Andrew Stuart, Wilmington, North Carolina; Mr. William Harris, Edenton; James Reading, and James Davis, Esquires, Newbern, North Carolina; Mr. Robert Fletcher, Halifax; [ . . . .]

 August 31, 1769
The Pennsylvania Gazette

CHARLESTOWN (South-Carolina) Aug. 1.

From Wilmington, in North-Carolina, we learn, that about three Weeks ago, Mr. ANDREW STEUART, Printer of that Place, went to wash himself in the River, and jumping from a high Place, it is supposed he received some Hurt, which occasioned his being unhappily drowned.

October 19, 1769
The Pennsylvania Gazette

ON Monday, the 23d of this instant October, will be exposed to sale, at the Bible and Heart, in Second-street, the whole estate of ANDREW STEUART, deceased, in Philadelphia, consisting of one unimproved lot on the north side of Spruce-street, bounded on the west by ground of James Wagstaff containing in front 31 feet 10 inches, and in depth 49 feet and an half. Likewise his printing-office, houshold furniture, wearing apparel, books in the shops, ballads, &c. &c. &c. where due attendance will be given by THOMAS MAGEE, Administrator. Next week will be published, the Pocket Almanack, for 1770.


January 18, 1770
Virginia Gazette (Purdie & Dixon)

NEWBERN, Dec. 29.

A NUMBER of the principal Gentlemen of this place, taking into consideration the great disadvantage this province has hitherto laboured under for the want of a regular post being carried through it, had a meeting last week on that important subject, and after debating on the utility of the scheme generously subscribed a large sum of money towards paying a rider to go once a fortnight between Newbern and Halifax; by which, as there is a regular post from Williamsburg to that place, we shall open an immediate communication between this town and the northern [torn] stage.

February 15, 1770
Virginia Gazette (Rind)

WILLIAMSBURG. February 15.

Among the passengers who came in Capt. Esten, were, Sir Nathaniel Dukinfield, Bart. Robert Clifton, Esq; and his Lady, and the Rev. Mr. Thomas Baker.

August 23, 1770
The Pennsylvania Gazette


TO BE SOLD, On the 27th of September next, at 10 o’clock, at the London Coffee-house, AN unimproved LOT, belonging to the estate of ANDREW STEUART, deceased, situated on the north side of Spruce street, containing in breadth, 31 feet 10 inches and an half; and in depth 49 and an half feet; bounded on the westward by ground late of Samuel Peckering, now of James Wagstaff eastward by ground late of James Haworth, and now of Acan Fell, northward by ground in possession of George Ashbridge, under ground rent of One Shilling sterling per year. All persons that have any demands against Steuart’s estate, that have not yet brought in their proved accounts, are desired now, for the last time, to bring them in, that they may be adjusted; and all persons indebted to the estate, are again desired to pay their respective debts, otherwise may expect to be sued, by THOMAS MAGEE, Administrator.

*The printer for the province of North Carolina.

November 1, 1770
Virginia Gazette (Rind)

NEW RIVER, October 3, 1770.

WHEREAS William Hall of Carolina, living in a place called the Hallow, hath obtained a penal bill of the subscriber, for the payment of thirty three pounds five shillings, for a certain tract of land on the New River waters, and the said tract of land lies now in dispute, these are therefore to forewarn all persons not to take an assignment of the same, as he will not pay the money, unless thereunto obliged by a due course of law, as witness my hand.


N. B. The bill is dated the 28th of May, 1770.


July 20, 1771
Edinburgh Evening Courant

LONDON. […] This morning arrived a mail from North Carolina, which was brought by the Le Despencer packetboat, Capt. Talbot.


February 13, 1772
Virginia Gazette (Purdie & Dixon)

STRAYED, on the 1st of October last, from Thomas Parker’s in Northampton County, North Carolina, a light sorrel HORSE four Years old, four Feet eight Inches high, with a hanging Mane and Switch Tail, a Star on his Forehead; not branded. Whoever conveys the said Horse to Mr. Richard Kelle, in Southampton, shall have FORTY SHILLINGS; to Mr. Benjamin Crocker, in Suffolk, FIFTY SHILLINGS; or to me, in Norfolk, THREE POUNDS Reward.

WILLIAM CURLE.          

April 4, 1772
Edinburgh Evening Courant

So much are the people of America char[med with] the idea of a settlement on the Missisippi, [that seve]ral families, with their cattle and negroes, [have] lately emigrated from North Carolina, to [the grand] gulph above the Natches, which is above [1200 miles,] and many Virginians are preparing to [follow their] example who have not profitable tracts [of land in] their own country.

September 3, 1772
Virginia Gazette (Purdie & Dixon)


THE Cape Fear Mercury, of the 1st Instant, tells us: Last Week passed through this Town, in her Way to CHARLESTOWN, a Lady who left her Address as follows, “SOPHIA CAROLINA AUGUSTA, Princess of Brunswick, and Marchioness of Waldsgrave.” Another Paragraph, in the same Paper, says, Last Week arrived here, in her Way to Charlestown, a Lady of the first Distinction, being no less, it is said, than a German Princess, though she travels under the Title (being her lowest) of Marchioness of Waltongrave, or Waldergrave. This Lady was truly incog. as she had neither Carriages, Horses nor Attendants.” Some Remarks were added to the Paragraph, which we shall pass over in Silence.

The Lady in Question, it seems, has travelled over Land from Philadelphia, from Virginia last, where she was kindly and respectfully treated by many discerning People, to whom she made large and golden Promises, which no Doubt will be complied with in due Time. She arrived in this Town the 7th Instant; it is said she intended here at her first leaving Europe, and has furnished abundant Employment for the naturally Cautious and Inquisitive, as well as the Ill-Natured. Amongst other malevo-Suggestions, to prejudice this Lady, one is, “that she is the Daughter of the Pretender, by the celebrated Jenny Cameron, and that her Tour through America is made to solicit Interest in Behalf of her unhappy Father.”

October 15, 1772
Virginia Gazette

September 29, 1772.

LAST Tuesday, agreeable to our Charter, came on the Election of a Representative for this Borough, when James Milner, Esquire, of Halifax, was unanimously elected to represent us in the next General Assembly of this Province. A considerable Number of the most respectable Inhabitants of the Borough and County assembled here that Day, where there was a very genteel Entertainment provided for them at Mr. Hill’s, by Order of our worthy new Representative. In the Evening there was an elegant Supper, and a Ball, which was greatly embellished by a very numerous and brilliant Appearance of most charming Ladies, and the Whole conducted with a Decorum and Festivity, which sufficiently denoted the real Satisfaction of the Company. Indeed, from Mr. Milner’s excellent Character, and distinguished Abilities, we justly entertain the most sanguine Hopes of his invariably promoting, to the utmost of his Power, the Welfare of the Province in general, and of this Borough, and County in particular.

May Milner’s Name in future Annals these,
And Edgecumbe’s grateful Sons approve each Line,
May future Patriots aim, like him, to be
Renown’d for Honour and Integrity;
And may the Nine, in their harmonious Days,
Attest his Merit and record his Praise.

November 5, 1772
Virginia Gazette



MISLED by Report, I confess I erred in my former Address. I had in View, at the Time, a Gentleman respectable for his Birth, his Fortune, and Abilities. Being better informed, I asked, and I hope obtained, his Pardon. I have twice repented (the fitter, I presume, for hanging) first, that I censured him unjustly, and imputed to him a Work disgraceful to a Man of Sense, and again, that I wrote at all, since you are Honestus. You perhaps were wont, some seven Years ago, with heavy Hand and misleading Birch, to Pain the little Backsides of little Boys with the Crimson Die of Blood. O Cruel! Cruel! Forgive me if I mistake, since you yourself may err. I am not an Attorney, nor am I a Physician; and yet, to do you Good, I will venture one Prescription; for fallen as you are, infinitely beneath either Notice or Resentment as a Writer, you rise, in my Estimation, as an Object of Pity. It is mild, and if it should not cure it will not kill. You seldom read, it seems; and although delivered after six Months painful Labour, of a crude undigested, fecal Matter, a foul Abortion, you say you are not easy. These are dangerous Symptoms, and indicate an Indisposition, a [illegible] live Habit of the Mind; which, if unregarded, may bring to Ruin the last ignoble Part of you, your Body. Read more, write less, and take a Clyster. Adieu, I have done with you.

WILLIE JONES.                         

December 31, 1772
Virginia Gazette

Death [...]

MR JAMES MILNER, Attorney at Law in Halifax, North Carolina; by a Fall from the Horse, which fractured his Skull.


February 4, 1773
Virginia Gazette

HALIFAX, North Carolina, January 8, 1773.

THE Subscribers, acting Executors of the last Will and Testament of James Milner, Attorney at Law in this Province, lately deceased, being desirous of making as speedy a Settlement and Distribution of his Estate as possible, request the Favour of all these Persons who may have Claims on the said Estate to transmit a State thereof to us, as well authenticated as the Nature of such Claim will admit; all those who may be Indebted thereto will avoid the Charges of Suit only by making speedy Payment. All Papers lodged in his Hands for Counsel or Suit will be carefully preserved, and delivered to the Order of the Clients to whom they respectively belong.

JOSEPH MONTFORT.                         
ANDREW MILLER.                              

March 18, 1773
Virginia Gazette


IS now very fat, and as active as a Lamb, and stands at Northampton Courthouse, North Carolina, In Order to cover Mares at forty Shillings a Leap, or four Pounds the Season. The Pasturage, which is under a very good Fence, will be allowed gratis, but I will not be liable for any Mare that may be stolen or got away accidentally. Any Gentleman who thinks proper to send a Servant to see the Mares have Justice done in covering, and feeding with Corn at twelve Shillings and Sixpence a Barrel, shall be accommodated gratis.

J. ATHERTON.                         

April 1, 1773
Virginia Gazette

FEBRUARY 10, 1773.

Departed this Life, in the fiftieth Year of his Age, THOMAS LOW THIMBLE, after a long Series of Drunkenness. It may with Truth be said, that no Man ever died less regretted: The Sound of his last Trumpet gave a general Joy to all his Friends, as well as those who had the Misfortune to be of his Acquaintance. Take Heed, ye Sons of Bacchus, that when Death comes with his Summons you may not be catched napping; as, you see, was the Case with Mr. Thimble.

April 29, 1773
Virginia Gazette


BY Captain Simpson, from Cape Fear, we learn that on the 20th ult. two Dwelling Houses were burnt to the Ground, and a Sloop, Captain Angel, belonging to Rhode Island, which was taking in Tar, was burnt to the Water’s Edge, so that they did not save any Thing. The Fire was occasioned by burning the Woods to clear the Land; the Wind at that Time blowing very hard, communicated the Flames to the Houses.

May 26, 1773
The Pennsylvania Gazette

Philadelphia, May 22, 1773.

IF MICHAEL CUNNIAM, who wrote a friendly and important Letter to a Gentleman in Salisbury, North-Carolina, will call at Hall and Sellers’s Printing Office, he may receive an Answer to said Letter. Or if any Person can give intelligence where said CUNNIAM resides (so that the Answer may be sent him) the same will be thankfully acknowledged.

August 12, 1773
Virginia Gazette

NEW BERN, July 2.

ON Saturday last his Excellency the Governour returned to the Palace, in good Health, from a Tour through the northern Counties of this Province.

August 12, 1773
Virginia Gazette

NEW BERN, July 2. [...]

By authentick Advice from the War Office, of the 10th of April, Sir Nathaniel Duckenfield, Baronet, one of his Majesty’s Honourable Council of this Province, is appointed Cornet to the Queen’s Regiment of Dragoons.

October 30, 1773
Edinburgh Evening Courant

Died at Cape-Fare in North Carolina, on the 10th of August last, Captain John Crosse of the Tamer, son to William Crosse, Esq; Sheriff Depute of Lanark.


January 7, 1775
Edinburgh Evening Courant

Extract of a letter from New York, Nov. 10. [...]

“An estimate of the number of souls in the following provinces, made in Congress, Sept. 1774:

“In Massachusetts, 400,000. New Hampshire, 150,000. Rhode Island, 59,678. Connecticut, 192,000. New-York, 250,000. New-Jersey, 130,000. Pennsylvania, including the lower counties, 350,000. Maryland, 320,000. Virginia, 650,000. North-Carolina, 300,000. South-Carolina, 225,000.—Total, 3,026,678”

May 3, 1775
The Pennsylvania Gazette

Chester county, April 25, 1775.

THE Subscriber begs leave to inform the Public, that notwithstanding the many malicious and unmanly attempts, which have been made with a view to injuring his credit and reputation, during his absence from this colony in that of North Carolina, also of doing his estate damage, yet he was fortunate enough to get so timely notice as to be in here in time to save his estate, and he is fortunate enough to have the good opinion of his acquaintances, and a considerable share of credit still remaining; lest any person should be induced to believe his credit low, he therefore takes this method to acquaint the public, that he purposes to leave this province towards the last of May next. All persons who are indebted to him by bond, bill, book account, or otherwise, are hereby desired to make immediate payment, otherwise some gentleman of the bar will be applied to; and all persons to whom he is indebted are required to furnish him with their respective accounts, that they may be settled, and not for to take any advantage when he is gone away, or else they may expect the benefit of severities, from ARTHUR GRAHAM.


November 17, 1779
The Pennsylvania Gazette

PHILADELPHIA, November 17.

On the 10th of November instant, Congress being informed that Mr. JOSEPH HEWES, one of the Delegates for the State of North Carolina, died that morning, and that it was proposed to inter him tomorrow evening: Resolved that Congress would in a body attend the funeral tomorrow evening at three o’clock, as mourners, with a crape round the left arm, and would continue in mourning for the space of one month.

They further resolved, that Mr. Harnet, Mr. Sharpe and Mr., Griffin, be a Committee to superintend the funeral; and the Rev. Mr. White, the attending Chaplain, should be notified to officiate on the occasion. They also directed the Committee to invite the General Assembly, the President and Supreme Executive Council of Pennsylvania, the Minister Plenipotentiary of France, and other persons of distinction in town, to attend the funeral.

Accordingly at three o’clock that evening the corpse was carried in procession to Christ Church; Mr. Carleton, Mr. Troup, Mr. Deane, Mr. Brown, Mr. Pennel and Col. Adams supported the pall. Beside the President and members of Congress as mourners, the General Assembly, a number of officers both civil and military, and a large number of inhabitants and strangers of distinction attended the funeral.

After divine service had been performed by the Rev. Mr. White, Rector of the Episcopal Churches in this city and one of the Chaplains of Congress, the corpse was interred in the cymetry [cemetery] adjoining that of Mr. Drayton.

Mr. Hewes having at an early period demonstrated his zealous attachment to the cause of American Freedom, he was appointed by the voice of his fellow citizens a Delegate to the first Congress, and from that time to his death enjoyed the fullest confidence of his country. Enduced with strong decisive genius and a spirit of industry, his mind was constantly employed in the business of his exalted station, until his health, much impaired by intense application, sunk beneath it. His private life was mild and amicable, as his public life was honorable and useful. Adorned with all the social virtues, esteemed by his acquaintance, beloved by his friends, and resigned to his fate, unregretting, tho' deeply regretted, his last debt to nature was paid in the service of his country.


October 8, 1783
The Pennsylvania Gazette

RICHMOND, (Virginia) September 27.

Extract of a letter from Washington county, dated August 10, 1783.

“We hear from good authority that various deputations have lately arrived at Louisville, they all express a hearty and ardent desire to be at peace; acknowledging their mistake for not observing a neutrality, and submissively beg our protection; some of them tell us, our troops are in possession of Detroit, and that commissioners from Congress had arrived at Sandusky. This is the real cause perhaps of their now so clearly seeing their error, notwithstanding this flattering prospect of peace presents itself we are not a little alarmed at the rash and wicked conduct of a party of North-Carolina people, settled on the Cumberland or Shawanese river, joined by a body of the Chickisaws, attacking one of the Spanish settlements on the Mississippi; happily they were repulsed, and most of them tell a sacrifice to their villainous attempt. This unlucky affair we find was set on foot by some tories that had taken refuge in the Cumberland settlement, after the conquest of West-Florida; particularly one Turnbull and Phil. Alston (the famous money counterfeiter) but early intelligence of their infamous project was given by a Virginian who it does great honor to, to the Spanish governor; by which means, our friends were some what prepared to defend themselves: would to God the Spaniards had them: perhaps, they would gratify their thirst for gold by keeping them digging for it all their lives, as the governor demands that at those who have escaped be given up, or he will send a sufficient force to make reprisals.”

October 29, 1783
Caledonian Mercury (Edinburgh)

We are assured by a gentleman lately returned from America, whose veracity is unquestionable, that the accounts published of the internal quarrels of America, with the distressed state of the country, are for the most part void of foundation. The said gentleman travelled through the provinces of Pennsylvania, Maryland, Virginia, and Carolina, which he found nearly as well cultivated as before the war, and the inhabitants in a perfect state of tranquillity, and unanimous in their disapprobation of the unfortunate loyalists. European goods, calculated for the country, sold on an average at 15 or 20 per cent, profit; but many traders had carried out cargoes with no more judgment, than if they had imported tea into China, or thick clothing into the East or West-Indies. In the principal towns, situated near the sea, buildings were rapidly increasing, from the number of emigrants constantly arriving, who had not sufficient accommodations to lodge them. It was remarked that the Irish preferred living in the country, while those from other parts generally fixed in large towns. It was believed the fixed residence of Congress would be either at Philadelphia or Trenton, as being nearly centrical between the northern and southern States: The power of Congress was begun to be generally submitted to, though all agreed some new regulations was necessary for the good of the American empire.

November 3, 1783
Caledonian Mercury (Edinburgh)

They write from Philadelphia, that a Member of Congress had been severely reproved for having affected in the Assembly, that he firmly believed more than two thirds of the inhabitants of North Carolina were attached to the old form of Government, and that therefore their conduct should be vigilantly regarded.


June 1, 1785
The Pennsylvania Gazette


If it is true, what has been asserted, that the Spaniards are building a fort in the western parts of North-Carolina, with an intent to molest or cut off the settlers in the New States, our indignation against them should be as general as determined; that we should be roused as one man, to immediate opposition against them; that we should invite the natives throughout all the Spanish colonies in America, to throw off the galling yoke of these tyrants, under the promise of considering them as united in the same league with ourselves.


May 3, 1786
The Pennsylvania Gazette

Halifax, March 27, 1786.

Province of Nova-Scotia, Court for considering causes of Marriage and Divorce, before the Governor and Council.

Between John Legett, Comp. and Rachel Legett, otherwise called Rachel Rowel, Defendant.

WHEREAS the above named John Legett. heretofore of Bladen county, in North-Carolina hath preferred a bill of complaint against the said Rachel Rowel, for adultery, and praying a sentence of divorce thereupon, agreeable to the laws of this province.

These are therefore to warn and notify the said Rachel Legett, otherwise called Rachel Rowel, and all other persons interested in said cause, that this court will proceed to the hearing and determination thereof, on the first Thursday in October next, at the Council Chamber in Halifax, of which all concerned are to take notice, and govern themselves accordingly.

By Order of the Court,                                   
FRANCIS SHIPTON, Register.                    

May 17, 1786
The Pennsylvania Gazette


By the brig Helena, Captain Williams, arrived here from North-Carolina, we learn, that on the 12th ult. a fire broke out in the town of Wilmington, in that state, which in a short time consumed about one-third of the town, a quantity of naval stores, merchandize, &c. We have no other particulars.


April 18, 1787
The Pennsylvania Gazette

BALTIMORE, April 10.

Some months ago, a young adventurer in North-Carolina married a widow who had three children; she chanced to have near 3000 hard dollars in the house. Two thirds of the sum belonged to the children. The guardians claimed their share of the specie for the children, and the honest step-father is now buying up paper at 12 or 13 shillings for the dollar, and such money will in that State be a legal payment for the use of the orphans. Is it strange that paper depreciates, when such men are profited by the change?

August 1, 1787
The Pennsylvania Gazette

Extract of a letter from a gentleman in Dominica, dated June 18, 1787.

“Liberality is not a predominant passion in this government. A brig from Martinique, bound to North Carolina, was yesterday seized on suspicion of smuggling, being drove by calms within five leagues of land, though the act of parliament specifies, that they are out of reach two leagues off.—Commodore Johnson, in the ship Jupiter, was the occasion of it — however, on deliberation, they seemed advisable to release her within 24 hours.


March 18, 1789
The Pennsylvania Gazette

WILMINGTON, (N. C.) Feb. 12.

Yesterday the 11th inst. being the anniversary of that auspicious day which gave birth to the saviour of our country, his Excellency General Washington, the same was celebrated with every mark of respect by a number of the principal gentlemen of this town, at Dorsey’s coffee house, where an elegant entertainment was provided for the occasion, and the day spent with that usual conviviality which ever distinguishes the sons of Columbia.

July 29, 1789
The Pennsylvania Gazette

The following ADDRESS of the Governor and Council of this state
has lately been presented to General WASHINGTON, President
of the United States; to which he has been pleased to return
the Answer thereunto subjoined.

To his Excellency GEORGE WASHINGTON, Esquire,
President of the United States.


AMIDST the congratulations which surround you from all quarter, We, the governor and Council of the state of North Carolina, beg leave to offer ours, with equal sincerity and fervency with any that can be presented to you. Though this state be not yet a member of the Union under the new form of government, we look forward with the pleasing hope of its shortly becoming such; and in the mean time consider ourselves bound in a common interest and affection with the other States, waiting only for the happy event of such alterations being proposed, as will remove the apprehensions of many of the good citizens of this state for those liberties for which they have fought and suffered in common with others. This happy event, we doubt not, will be accelerated by your Excellency's appointment to the first office in the union, since we are already assured the same greatness of mind, which in all scenes has so eminently characterised your Excellency, will induce you to advise every measure calculated to compose party divisions, and to abate any animosity that may be excited by a mere difference in opinion. Your Excellency will consider (however others may forget) how extremely difficult it is to unite all the people of a great country in one common sentiment upon almost any political subject, much less upon a new form of government materially different from one they have been accustomed to, and will therefore rather be disposed to rejoice that so much has been effected, than regret that more could not all at once be accomplished. We sincerely believe America is the only country in the world, where such a deliberate change of government could take place under any circumstances whatever.

We hope your Excellency will pardon the liberty we take in writing so particularly on this subject; but this state, however it may differ in any political opinions with the other states, cordially joins with them in sentiments of the utmost gratitude and veneration for those distinguished talents and that illustrious virtue, which we feel a pride in saying we believe, under God, have been the principal means of preserving the liberty and procuring the independence of your country. We cannot help considering you, Sir, in some measure, as the father of it, and hope to experience the good effects of that confidence you so justly have acquired, in an abatement of the party spirit which so much endangers a union, on which the safety and happiness of America can alone be founded. May that union, at a short distance of time, be as perfect and more safe than ever! And in the mean while, may the state of North Carolina be considered, as it truly deserves to be, attached, with equal warmth with any state in the union, to the true interest, prosperity, and glory of America, differing only in some particulars in opinion as to the means of promoting them!

By Order and on behalf of Council,
By order, WM. JOHNSON DAWSON, Clerk Council.
May 10, 1789.

To the GOVERNOR and COUNCIL of the state of North Carolina.


IT was scarcely possible for any address to have given me greater pleasure than that which I have just received from you: because I consider it not only demonstrative of your approbation of my conduct in accepting the first office in the union, but also indicative of the good dispositions of the citizens of your state towards their sister states, and of the probability of their speedily acceding to the new general government.

In justification of the opinion which you are pleased to express of my readiness “to advise every measure calculated to compose party divisions, and to abate any animosity that may be excited by mere difference of opinion,” I take the liberty of referring you to the sentiments communicated by me to the two Houses of Congress. On this occasion I am likewise happy in being able to add the strongest assurances, that I entertain a well grounded expectation that nothing will be wanting, on the part of the different branches of the general government, to render the union as perfect and more safe than ever it has been.

A difference of opinion on political points is not to be imputed to freemen as a fault; since it is to be presumed that they are all actuated by an equally laudable and sacred regard for the liberties of their country. If the mind is so formed in different persons as to consider the same object to be somewhat different in its nature and consequences, as it happens to be placed in different points of view, and if the oldest, and ablest, and the most virtuous statesmen have often differed in judgment as to the best forms of government — we ought, indeed, rather to rejoice that so much has been effected, than to regret that more could not, all at once, be accomplished.

Gratified by the favourable sentiments which are evinced in your address to me, and impressed with an idea that the citizens of your state are sincerely attached to the interest, the prosperity, and the glory of America, I most earnestly implore the divine benediction and guidance in the councils which are shortly to be taken by their delegates on a subject of the most momentous consequence, I mean the political relation which is to subsist hereafter between the state of North Carolina, and the states now in union under the new general government.

New York, June 19, 1789. G. WASHINGTON.


July 7, 1790
The Pennsylvania Gazette


As large as Life.

The following Figures are exhibited at the House of Mr. William Geisse, at the Bunch of Grapes, Third-street, between Market and Arch streets:

THE President of the United States, sitting under a Canopy, in his military Dress: And Fame crowning his Excellency with a wreath of Laurel.

The King, Queen, and Prince of Wales, of Great-Britain, habited in Cloaths which were presented by his Majesty.

The Rev. Samuel Prevoost, Bishop of New York.

The Rev. Dr. Rodgers, and the Rev. Dr. Livingston, of New-York.

The Dutchess of Orleans, elegantly dressed.

A beautiful Nun at Confession: And a Friar in his proper Dress, receiving the Nun’s Confession.

The Sleeping Beauty.

Mr. Pitt, the late Earl of Chatham.—Doctor Fothergill, the celebrated Physician.—The late Bishop of London.—Lord North.—Admiral Keppel.

A Damsel presenting the head of John the Baptist, in a Charger, to Herodias, Wife of King Herod.

The Idol Bell, and King Cyrus.—An Indian Chief, painted and dressed in his War Habit, holding his Bow, and a real Scalp.—A Sailor, just returned from Sea, by the side of his Lass.

Darby and Joan, enjoying themselves over a Basket of Fruit, Bottle of Beer, Pipe, &c.

An old Hermit—Moll, a Mad Woman, who shews her ill-nature by attempting to strike those who approach her, with a great variety of other Figures, one of which will move its eyes to the astonishment of all those who view it.

ALSO, A Number of striking likenesses (in Wax) of his Excellency The President of the United States.—A beautiful Grotto, valued at £22, and a few elegant Boxes of artificial Fruit, Flowers, &c, for Sale.

This Exhibition has met the approbation of the most respectable Characters in New-York, North and South-Carolina, and is universally allowed to exceed any thing of the kind ever exhibited in America.—The Proprietor respectfully solicits the Patronage of the Citizens of Philadelphia, and hopes to entertain agreeably all those who may please to honor him with their Company.

Time of Admittance will be from 7 till 9, every Evening, Sundays excepted.

Tickets, at the low price of One Quarter of a Dollar, for Ladies and Gentlemen, and 22d for Children, may be had at Mr. Thomas Bradford’s Book-Store, in Front-street, and at the House where the Exhibition is kept.


Fayette-Ville, North Carolina.

WE the Subscribers do hereby certify, that we have, in this Town, viewed Mr. Bowen’s Exhibition of Wax-Work with a pleasing Satisfaction, it being an American Production: — We do therefore (from a wish to contribute to the Encouragement of the Arts in general, and this in particular, which in the above-mentioned Performance is brought to an astonishing degree of Perfection) beg leave to recommend the same to the Public, in our Opinion, as being highly worthy of Patronage and Attention.

Alex. Martin, Governor, J. Estes, Ch. Sen. Wm. Cumming, James Reed, Whitmell Hill, John Ingraham, Benj. Hawkins, J. Glasgow, Sec’ry. of the State, Wm. Maclean, William Blount, P. B. Oram.


October 19, 1791
The Pennsylvania Gazette

On the 28th ult nearly a third part of the houses in the late flourishing town of Newbern, in North Carolinas, fell a sacrifice to Fire. The exertions of the inhabitants, in endeavouring to stop the progress of this destructive element, were truly conspicuous, but unfortunately they were unprovided with fire-engines.—The wind was also high; and had the flames continued but a short space longer, not a single building would have escaped. A general consternation, as it may well be supposed, took place; at length it was suggested to have recourse to an expedient, perhaps never before practised in this part of the world. A considerable number of barrels of gun-powder were placed in a house, which the flames were rapidly approaching. This house, by being blown up, insured the safety of the rest: by the mere heat of the fire, which raged at the distance of 80 feet, flames were kindled in wooden tenements; and thus the ruin of the town would have been complete, had not fire been used for the purpose of extinguishing fire.


February 29, 1792
The Pennsylvania Gazette

NEW YORK, February 24.

Birth-Day Festival.

Wednesday being the birth day of the President of the United States, the same was celebrated by the members of the Cincinnati Society in this city, at Corre's Hotel, where an elegant dinner was prepared; after which a number of patriotic toasts were drank.

The same day the Society of St. Tammany in this city assembled in their Wigwam, at the Exchange, which was beautifully illuminated, and a transparent painting of the President displayed.

The following toasts were drank:

Georgia Tribe. George Washington: may health, prosperity, content, and the testimony of a good conscience accompany him through life; and may fame sound his praise to our posterity, till time shall be no more.

New Hampshire Tribe. The United States of America.

South Carolina Tribe. May the love of liberty be ever superior to the love of property.

Massachusetts Tribe. An uninterrupted enjoyment of the Rights of Man to all the world.

North Carolina Tribe. Wisdom in the Cabinet, and victory in the field.[…]


April 6, 1793
Caledonian Mercury (Edinburgh)

Edinburgh, April 6.

Died at Invernahyll the 2d curt. Allan Stewart, Esq. Lieutenant Colonel of the late North Carolina Highlanders.

July 10, 1793
The Pennsylvania Gazette


The schooner Chance, Captain Cadenhead, arrived yesterday from Wilmington, North Carolina—On Thursday last was boarded by a French armed schooner in the Chesapeake Bay, but on shewing American colours, the schooner bore away and left Capt. Cadenhead to proceed on his voyage to Philadelphia.—soon after saw the same French schooner board an American brig, which they also suffered to proceed.—They next boarded an English brig which they captured, all on the same day, and within a short space of time. There were about 9 other vessels came down the Chesapeake Bay, amongst which and English ship and brig above mentioned, captured by the schooner, gave her chace, overtook and engaged her. The action began at a quarter before five and lasted half an hour; Captain Cadenhead being still in sight. He saw the brig re-taken from the schooner, and then he observed that the schooner sheered off through the smoak, after which lost sight of her.

The ship and brig now crowded all their sails and pursued the schooner, which he supposes they came up with, as he heard firing about half after six o’clock the same evening, which continued for a considerable time. He could plainly hear the vollays of small arms as well as the firing of cannon, both which ceased in about a quarter of an hour—The last heavy firing he supposes to have been from the ship; and therefore imagines that the schooner must have been overpowered and struck, or was probably sunk.

December 11, 1793
The Pennsylvania Gazette

Supplement to the PENNSYLVANIA GAZETTE. No. 3308.

CHARLESTON, (S.C.) November 25.

Extract of a letter from Wilmington, N.C. received by the last post.

“A sloop from Gaudaloupe has arrived here, belonging to Newbern; she is an American vessel, and was taken by a British privateer; but the prize master, finding he could not get her into any British port, owing to her having sprung a leak, gave her up to the captain: they have put the prize-master in gaol.”

December 28, 1793
Caledonian Mercury (Edinburgh)

Edinburgh, December 28. [...]

Upon the 1st of October last died, at Poplar Grove, near Wilmington, South [sic] Carolina, Thomas Clayton, Esq; of Potterhill, by Paisley.


May 21, 1794
The Pennsylvania Gazette

BOSTON, May 12.

By a passenger who came in the schooner Polly, from St. Croix, arrived on Saturday last, and who had been taken and carried into St. Pierre’s, and afterwards had liberty to go to St. Croix, we have the following list of American vessels under prosecution the 11th of April at St. Pierre’s (Martinico)—their trial was to commence the 21st of the same month:

Brigs Jason, David Ross, master, from Philadelphia; Ann, John Hitman, do. Sally and Betsey, Wm. McCannan, Portland; Clarisse Frederick Traisey New-Haven; Eliza, Philip Rider, Charlestown; Betsey, Nathaniel Nowel, Newbury-Port; Ceres, William Hall, Charleston; Sally, Hugh Smith, Philadelphia; Minerva, Samuel Holt, do. Betsey, Richard George, do. Fanny, Daniel Sage, Salem; David & George, Richard Fryer, Portsmouth (Vir.) Nautilis, Freeman Loring, Boston; Maria, John Barchmore, Salem.

Schooners Sally, George Runday, Boston; Polly, George Pillsberry, do. Montgomery, David Childs, do. Ann, Timothy Crocker, do. New Adventure, William Freeman, Portland; Betsey, Micajah lngals, Newbury-Port; Eagle, Mayo Gerrish, do. Lucia, Nathaniel Tredwell, Ipswich; Polly, Samuel Davis, Providence; Fame, David Saunder, Rhode Island; Phoebe, William Cole, Yarmouth (Cape Cod;) Eagle, David Brown, New-London; Polly, James Huston, Philadelphia; Olive and Mary, John Dawson, do. Maria, George Ranalds, do. Maria, Bartholomew Byrne, Baltimore; Rosanna, Hezekiah Kinsley, Charleston (S.C.) Fisher, Thomas Rogers, do.

Sloops Three Friends, Joseph Strout, Salem; Harmony, Timothy Parker, Norwich; Lark, E. Attwood, New London; Iris, Daniel Trueman, New Haven; Garland, George Garland, Philadelphia; William, Samuel Bunker, Baltimore; Mary Silas Aimes, Edenton (NC.)

Their allowance to the Americans (after depriving them of all their property) is no more than 5 oz pork, 3 4 of a pound of bread, and one glass of rum, per day.

Many Americans (he adds) have been compelled to go on board British vessels, and fight against the French.

The following vessels were captured in the port of Trinity, the 7th March, and afterwards sent to Dominico, the mates and people were part sent to St. Pierre’s and part put on board a prison ship.

The gentleman who communicated the foregoing to the editors, say, that it is impossible to give an adequate account of the abuses, insults, impositions, and fraudulent practices, which the British in the West India islands are guilty of.

Schooners Polly, Alexander, Mackay, Boston; Polly, Samuel Ingersol, Salem; Freedom, Edmond Pearson, Cape Ann; Ranger, Benjamin Clark, Portsmouth; and the Sloop Fox of Ipswich.

By a letter dated Jamaica, 30th March, we are assured that the schooner Mahaley, formerly commanded by Capt. Benjamin Wadsworth, of Duxbury, and loaded on account of citizens of Boston, which was taken and carried to that island by our good friends, the British, was condemned, both vessel and cargo, contrary even to the opinions of the council employed against her; the captors being obliged to furnish bonds to respond in case of a reversal of the decree for the amount of the sales only.

Arrived here on Saturday last, schooner Hannah, Corrington, Barbadoes, 29 days; do. Polly, Hopkins, St. Crox, 24 days; brig Sally, Brown, Havannah, 40 days; schooner Elizabeth, Tower, Jamaica, 28 days; do. Hawk, Clapp, Tobago, 29 days; do. Nancy Green, Dominico, 31 days - she was carried in for legal adjudication by the supercargo.

A ship from Baltimore was condemned at Jamaica the day before Capt. Tower sailed.

Capt. Green, arrived on Saturday from Dominico, informs, that the pirates continue taking and condemning all American vessels, sans ceremonie.

Arrived on Saturday, a brig from Jamaica, belonging to Mr. Lyman of this town, which has been released, but upon what account we cannot learn. Also, another brig from Montserrat, sent home to tell the news, “that she is released.”

Mr. Edgar, a gentleman of this town, arrived here on Saturday last from Barbadoes; he informs that all American vessels, eight or nine in number at that place, carried in for “legal adjudication,” had been condemned except one (Capt. Adams of Newbury-Port, whose costs of court, &c. amounted to three hundred pounds.)

He informs, that only one privateer is now out from that place: that all the vessels condemned, were either sold or selling.


March 16, 1795
Caledonian Mercury (Edinburgh)

Lloyd’s List, March 13.

The Richard, ——, from New Providence to Liverpool, is taken by six privateers, and carried to North Carolina—The privateers were going to the Spanish Main. [...]

The Brothers, Atkins, from North Carolina, is taken and carried into Charlestown.

September 14, 1795
Caledonian Mercury (Edinburgh)

Edinburgh, Sept. 14. [...]

Died at Lucie, Jamaica, of a fever, Mr. Thomas Younger, of Wilmington, North Carolina, formerly of Glasgow.

November 12, 1795
Caledonian Mercury (Edinburgh)

Died, on the 19th ultimo, at Kingsborrow, in the Isle of Sky, Captain Alexander Macdonald of the late North Carolina Highlanders.


May 11, 1796
The Pennsylvania Gazette


Capt. Taber of the schooner Mermaid, from Cape Nichola Mole, last from N. Carolina, states, that on the 17th March last, while laying at Cape Nichola Mole, discharging a cargo of lumber, on government account, was boarded by the British frigate Regulus, Capt. Oakes, who took his mate, Lemuel Weston, of Massachusetts, on board the frigate and detained him. Capt. Taber was not permitted to go on board the frigate to reclaim him; and was obliged to come away without him.

May 11, 1796
The Pennsylvania Gazette

NEW YORK, May 4.

Yesterday arrived at this port the sch’r Mermaid, Capt. Taber, from the Mole and North-Carolina. Being at the Mole, the Regulus, a British 40, sent her boat along side on the 27th March, and pressed from on board his mate. Samuel Weston, of New Bedford (Mas.) Captain T. attempted to regain his mate the next day, but was not suffered to go on board the Regulus. Several other Americans were pressed from other American vessels by said ship at the same time. It is worthy remark, that Capt. T. was from this city with a load of lumber for the British (governmental) account.

August 10, 1796
The Pennsylvania Gazette

“A small French privateer has carried into Cape Fear River a ship and a brig, belonging to the Jamaica fleet. They are not admitted to an entry; they are loaded with sugar and rum, and are estimated to 150,000 dollars value.”

December 28, 1796
The Pennsylvania Gazette

Philadelphia, December 28.[…]

The destruction of property by fire in the United States, within a few years past, has been astonishingly great. Albany, New York, Boston, Baltimore, Charleston, Savannah, one or two towns in North Carolina, Richmond, Lexington, in Kentucky, have been immense sufferers. To which may be added Quebec in the British dominions. The value of property, destroyed in these towns, cannot be less than three millions of dollars, within three years.

Citizens of America, it becomes you to attend to these facts. “Has an enemy done this?” Or must we ascribe it all to accident?


January 4, 1797
The Pennsylvania Gazette

BOSTON, December 17.

Arrived here, the 14th inst. schooner Dolphin, Captain Smith, from North Carolina. Dec. 6, lat. 40, 0, long. 71, 30, lost overboard, Mr. John Chafe, said to belong to Portsmouth N. H. Notwithstanding every possible exertion of the Captain and crew, he could not be saved. His effects may be had, by applying to Messrs. Hudson and Smith of Boston.


March 28, 1798
The Pennsylvania Gazette

Philadelphia, March 28.

Extract of a letter from Newbern, North-Carolina, dated March 3.

“On Thursday last, about midnight, the inhabitants of this town were alarmed by the cry of Fire. A large body of smoke was discovered issuing from the cellar of the Palace, and so filled the entry and apartments on the first floor, as to leave it a matter of doubt what part of the building was on fire. The flames first made their appearance through the floor next to the foot of the staircase; they almost instantly reached the cupola, and the whole of the roof blazed nearly at one time.

“Every piece of timber, and all the wood work of that edifice, both within and without, were consumed. The colonnade, which joined the main building to the wings, was pulled down, and the fire did not spread any further.

“A quantity of hay which had been placed in the cellar, and to which by some unknown means fire was conveyed, occasioned the conflagration.”

May 8, 1798
The Pennsylvania Gazette

Philadelphia, May 8.

[ . . . ] Capt. Bell, from Wilmington, North Carolina, arrived at New York, informs, that on the night of the 21st ult. there was a dreadful fire in Wilmington, which consumed a great part of the town. The particulars are not come to hand.

May 16, 1798
The Pennsylvania Gazette

Extract of a letter from a gentleman in Wilmington (N.C.) to his friend in Charleston, dated April 23.

“On the 21st instant, between twelve and one o'clock at night, a most tremendous fire broke out in Market street, in a work-shop, occupied by a Mr. Ralph, cabinet maker from Charleston, and erected on a loft of Mrs. Du Bois. - Not one house in the whole square is left. There were about fifty dwelling-houses, exclusive of out-houses, destroyed - language can give but a faint idea of the horrid scene: the wind blew very strong from the south-west, and continued in that direction, by which means the lower part of the town escaped. Oh! Gracious God preserve us from ever witnessing such another scene!”

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